Lingwei Wang

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P2 receptors mediate the actions of the extracellular nucleotides ATP, ADP, UTP, and UDP, regulating several physiologic responses including cardiac function, vascular tone, smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation, platelet aggregation, and the release of endothelial factors. P2 receptor characterization has been hampered by the lack of selective(More)
OBJECTIVE ADP plays an important role in platelet aggregation by activating P2Y12 receptors. We assessed the hypothesis that P2Y12 receptors are expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). METHODS AND RESULTS P2Y12 receptor mRNA was found to have a high expression among the P2 receptors in human VSMC, significantly higher than the other 2 ADP(More)
The mechanism of ADP-mediated platelet activation has been difficult to unravel due to the large number of receptors for extracellular nucleotides (P2 receptors). mRNA levels in circulating platelets are very low, but have been shown to be translationally active. By optimizing mRNA extraction and using real time (RT)-PCR we were able to establish a protocol(More)
The aim of this study was to examine a possible role for extracellular pyrimidines as inotropic factors for the heart. First, nucleotide plasma levels were measured to evaluate whether UTP is released in patients with coronary heart disease. Then, inotropic effects of pyrimidines were examined in isolated mouse cardiomyocytes. Finally, expression of(More)
Extracellular nucleotides (ATP, ADP, UTP and UDP) exert a wide range of biological effects in blood cells mediated by multiple ionotropic P2X receptors and G protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Although pharmacological experiments have suggested the presence of several P2 receptor subtypes on monocytes and lymphocytes, some results are contradictory. Few(More)
Previous studies have suggested that plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) released from platelets convey resistance of platelet-rich blood clots to thrombolysis. However, the majority of PAI-1 in platelets is inactive and therefore its role in clot stabilization is unclear. Because platelets retain mRNA and capacity for synthesis of some proteins, we(More)
Red blood cells may regulate tissue circulation and O2 delivery by releasing the vasodilator ATP in response to hypoxia. When released extracellularly, ATP is rapidly degraded to ADP in the circulation by ectonucleotidases. In this study, we show that ADP acting on P2Y13 receptors on red blood cells serves as a negative feedback pathway for the inhibition(More)
Chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by antibody-induced platelet destruction. To better define the role of antigen-specific assays in adult chronic ITP, we prospectively measured platelet-associated autoantibody against either glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa or GPIb/IX in 282 patients with chronic ITP and 289(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the role of shear stress in regulating P2 receptors in human umbilical vein. METHODS AND RESULTS Using a novel, computerized, biomechanical perfusion model, parallel vessel segments were randomized to simultaneous perfusion under high (25 dyn/cm2) or low (<4 dyn/cm2) shear stress at identical mean perfusion pressure (20 mm Hg)(More)
The physiological mechanisms that regulate reactive hyperemia are not fully understood. We postulated that the endothelial P2Y1 receptor that release vasodilatory factors in response to ADP might play a vital role in the regulation of coronary flow. Intracoronary flow was measured with a Doppler flow-wire in a porcine model. 2-MeSADP (10−5 M), ATP (10−4 M)(More)