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BACKGROUND β-Glucosidase is an important component of the cellulase enzyme system. It does not only participate in cellulose degradation, it also plays an important role in hydrolyzing cellulose to fermentable glucose by relieving the inhibition of exoglucanase and endoglucanase from cellobiose. Therefore, the glucose-tolerant β-glucosidase with high(More)
BACKGROUND The complete degradation of the cellulose requires the synergistic action of endo-β-glucanase, exo-β-glucanase, and β-glucosidase. But endo-β-glucanase and exo-β-glucanase can be recovered by solid-liquid separation in cellulose hydrolysis by their cellulose binding domain (CBD), however, the β-glucosidases cannot be recovered because of most(More)
A β-glucosidase gene bglI from Aspergillus niger NL-1 was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The bglI gene consists of a 2583 bp open reading frame encoding 861 amino acids; the enzyme was classified into glycoside hydrolases 3. To improve the expression level of recombinant BGL in P. pastoris, fermentation conditions were optimized by the(More)
In an attempt to shift the optimal pH of the xylanase B (XynB) from Aspergillus niger towards alkalinity, target mutation sites were selected by alignment between Aspergillus niger xylanase B and other xylanases that have alkalophilic pH optima that highlight charged residues in the eight-residues-longer loop in the alkalophilic xylanase. Multiple(More)
The thermostable β-glucosidase gene from Thermotoga petrophila DSM 13995 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The activity of the recombinant β-glucosidase was 21 U/mL in the LB medium. Recombinant β-glucosidase was purified, and its molecular weight was approximately 81 kDa. The optimal activity was at pH 5.0 and 90 °C, and the thermostability(More)
To further improve the expression level of recombinant xylanase in Pichia pastoris, the xynB gene, encoding the mature peptide from Aspergillus niger NL-1, was designed and synthesized based on the synonymous condon bias of P. pastoris and optimized G+C content. 155 nucleotides were changed, and the GC content decreased from 57.7% to 43.6%. The synthetic(More)
Problems such as agricultural safety and environmental pollution by using chlorpyrifos and other pesticides had become major issues which needed to be solved. The white rot fungi had a unique degradation ability and mechanism to a variety of xenobiotic, which had a good prospect in the bioremediation of the environment. Optimizing the conditions of(More)
Aspergillus niger-fermented-Ginkgo biloba leaves (FG) and the comparative effect with nonfermented (NF)-Ginkgo leaves were investigated on morphology, absorption, and immunity of small intestine after lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenge in chicks at an early age. Broiler chicks (180 d of age) were divided into 3 treatment groups and were fed 1 of 3 diets:(More)
Hyperoside exhibits many biological properties and is more soluble in water than quercetin. A uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP) galactose regeneration system and one-pot synthesis of hyperoside was described herein. Glycine max sucrose synthase (GmSUS) was coupled with Escherichia coli UDP-galactose 4-epimerase (GalE) to regenerate UDP-galactose from sucrose and(More)
In this work, recombinant Pichia pastoris GS115-lccA was cultured and expressed with the highest laccase activity of 2357 U/L with ABTS (2, 2'nazinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate)) as reacting substrate. To achieve the higher laccase activity, multiple key factors were screened (using a Plackett-Burman design of experiments methodology) related to(More)