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One of the most important functions of blue light (BL) is to induce chloroplast movements in order to reduce the damage to the photosynthetic machinery under excess light. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), which is commonly generated under various environmental stimuli, can act as a signalling molecule that regulates a number of developmental processes and(More)
Recent studies have suggested that ultraviolet-C (UV-C) overexposure induces programmed cell death (PCD) in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh, and this process includes participation of caspase-like proteases, DNA laddering as well as fragmentation of the nucleus. To investigate possible early signal events, we used microscopic observations to monitor in vivo(More)
Heat shock transcription factor A2 (HsfA2) participates in multiple stress responses. To provide new insights into the role of HsfA2 in the heat stress (HS) response, in vivo production and localization of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial dynamics were investigated during the onset of cell death induced by an HS (40 degrees C, 10 min) applied(More)
It is still unclear how light and gibberellins are integrated to regulate petal size. Here, we report that light improves both the length and the width of the ray floret petals in G. hybrid, but GA(3) promotes only the petal length. It is also revealed that the control of the petal size by light and GA(3) depends on modulating the cell size, which is(More)
Methyl jasmonate (MeJa) is a well-known plant stress hormone. Upon exposure to stress, MeJa is produced and causes activation of programmed cell death (PCD) and defense mechanisms in plants. However, the early events and the signaling mechanisms of MeJa-induced cell death have yet to be fully elucidated. To obtain some insights into the early events of this(More)
It has been reported that a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is produced during seed imbibition and this ROS is related to seed vigor. To make this physiological mechanism clear, we have used 2-methyl-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3,7-dihydroimidazo(1,2-alpha)pyrazin-3-one (MCLA) as a sensitive and physiologically compatible probe for the determination(More)
Caspase-like proteases have been demonstrated to be involved in plant programmed cell death (PCD). Here, the time scale of caspase-3-like protease activation was investigated in single living plant cells undergoing PCD induced by ultraviolet C (UV-C) overexposure. The real-time detection of caspase-3-like protease activation was achieved by measuring the(More)
Bisulfite, a major form of SO2 in aqueous phase of apoplast, may reduce photosynthesis rate and thereby crop yield through inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, ROS production was directly detected in a living cell of leaf of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) using laser scanning confocal microscopes with the assistance of the fluorescence(More)
Chloroplasts are one of the most susceptible systems to salt and osmotic stresses. Based on quantitative measurements of delayed fluorescence (DF) of the chloroplasts, we have investigated the damage to photosynthesis caused by these two kinds of stresses in Arabidopsis seedlings by using a custom-built multi-channel biosensor. Results showed that the DF(More)
The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) results in ER stress that triggers cytoprotective signaling pathways, termed the unfolded protein response (UPR), to restore and maintain homeostasis in the ER or to induce apoptosis if ER stress remains unmitigated. The UPR signaling network encompasses three(More)