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One of the most important functions of blue light (BL) is to induce chloroplast movements in order to reduce the damage to the photosynthetic machinery under excess light. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), which is commonly generated under various environmental stimuli, can act as a signalling molecule that regulates a number of developmental processes and(More)
Heat shock transcription factor A2 (HsfA2) participates in multiple stress responses. To provide new insights into the role of HsfA2 in the heat stress (HS) response, in vivo production and localization of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial dynamics were investigated during the onset of cell death induced by an HS (40 degrees C, 10 min) applied(More)
Recent studies have suggested that ultraviolet-C (UV-C) overexposure induces programmed cell death (PCD) in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh, and this process includes participation of caspase-like proteases, DNA laddering as well as fragmentation of the nucleus. To investigate possible early signal events, we used microscopic observations to monitor in vivo(More)
Methyl jasmonate (MeJa) is a well-known plant stress hormone. Upon exposure to stress, MeJa is produced and causes activation of programmed cell death (PCD) and defense mechanisms in plants. However, the early events and the signaling mechanisms of MeJa-induced cell death have yet to be fully elucidated. To obtain some insights into the early events of this(More)
Bisulfite, a major form of SO2 in aqueous phase of apoplast, may reduce photosynthesis rate and thereby crop yield through inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, ROS production was directly detected in a living cell of leaf of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) using laser scanning confocal microscopes with the assistance of the fluorescence(More)
It is still unclear how light and gibberellins are integrated to regulate petal size. Here, we report that light improves both the length and the width of the ray floret petals in G. hybrid, but GA(3) promotes only the petal length. It is also revealed that the control of the petal size by light and GA(3) depends on modulating the cell size, which is(More)
Chloroplasts are one of the most susceptible systems to salt and osmotic stresses. Based on quantitative measurements of delayed fluorescence (DF) of the chloroplasts, we have investigated the damage to photosynthesis caused by these two kinds of stresses in Arabidopsis seedlings by using a custom-built multi-channel biosensor. Results showed that the DF(More)
Previous studies have reported that light is required for activating Arabidopsis programmed cell death (PCD) induced by ultraviolet-C (UV-C) overexposure, and a caspase-like protease cleaving the caspase-3 substrate Asp-Glu-Val-Asp (DEVDase activity) is induced during this process. Our recent report has suggested that a quick burst of reactive oxygen(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) is a genetically-controlled disassembly of the cell. In animal systems, the central core execution switch for apoptotic PCD is the activation of caspases (Cysteine-containing Aspartate-specific proteases). Accumulating evidence in recent years suggests the existence of caspase-like activity in plants and its functional(More)
We have characterized a member of the stress-associated protein (SAP) gene family from Sorghum bicolor (SbSAP14) with A20 and AN1 zinc-finger domains. Expression profiling revealed that SbSAP14 is specifically induced in response to dehydration, salt, and oxidative stress as well as abscisic acid treatment. During the early stage of salt stress,(More)