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Document clustering is an important tool for text analysis and is used in many applications. This work develops a novel hierarchal algorithm for document clustering. We are particularly interested in studying and making use of cluster overlapping phenomenon to design cluster merging criteria. In our previous papers, the theoretical results on the overlap(More)
We provide the first evidence that a fullerene derivative can be extensively mineralized under environmental conditions by direct photolysis. Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) was identified as a major photoproduct of fullerenol, a hydroxylated C(60) molecule and the ratio of moles DIC produced to moles of fullerenol reacted reached 28 or approximately 47%(More)
To construct accurate risk assessment models for engineered nanomaterials, there is urgent need for information on the reactivity (or conversely, persistence) and transformation pathways of these materials in the natural environment. As an important step toward addressing this issue, we have characterized the products formed when aqueous C(60) clusters(More)
Previous research suggests that the effectiveness of virtual reality exposure therapy should increase as the experience becomes more immersive. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the experience of immersion are not yet well understood. To address this question, neural activity during exposure to two virtual worlds was measured by functional magnetic(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are one of the most important intermediates in chemical, photochemical, and biological processes. To understand the environmental exposure and toxicity of fullerenes better, the production and consumption of ROS (singlet oxygen, superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radicals) by Buckminster fullerene (C(60) ) and(More)
New magnetic recording technologies such as bit-patterned media recording (BPMR), heat (or microwave) assisted magnetic recording (HAMR) and shingled writing (SW)/two-dimensional magnetic recording (TDMR) have been proposed to push the storage density of future hard disks beyond 1Tb/in<sup>2</sup>. However, at such high recording density, many new(More)
Anodic Fenton treatment (AFT) has been shown to be a promising technology in pesticide wastewater treatment. However, no research has been conducted on the AFT application to contaminated soils. In this study, the 2,4-D degradation kinetics of AFT in a silt loam soil slurry were investigated for the first time, and the effects of various experimental(More)
As a potentially promising technology, anodic Fenton treatment (AFT) has been shown to be very successful in pesticide removal. However, the influence of other constituents in the pesticide formulation, such as nonionic surfactants, has not been addressed. In this study, the effect of Triton X (TX) on the degradation kinetics and pathways of carbaryl(More)