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This paper describes a framework of real-time simulation for modeling heavy construction operations. Compared with the traditional offline simulation that uses stationary inputs, the capability of real-time simulation to dynamically incorporate new project data and adapt to changes in the operating environment offers the promise of improving the accuracy of(More)
Steel fabrication is a complex process, which encompasses product uniqueness, a high product mix, and a number of activities involving a variety of equipment and labor disciplines. The steel fabrication industry needs advanced tools and techniques in order to estimate, plan, and control fabrication shops. This paper proposes a system for building virtual(More)
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