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Posttranslational histone modifications play important roles in transcription and other chromatin-based processes. Compared to acetylation, methylation, and phosphorylation, very little is known about the function of histone ubiquitylation. Here, we report the purification and functional characterization of a histone H3 and H4 ubiquitin ligase complex,(More)
Post-translational histone modifications have important regulatory roles in chromatin structure and function. One example of such modifications is histone ubiquitination, which occurs predominately on histone H2A and H2B. Although the recent identification of the ubiquitin ligase for histone H2A has revealed important roles for H2A ubiquitination in Hox(More)
Post-translational histone modifications play important roles in regulating gene expression programs, which in turn determine cell fate and lineage commitment during development. One such modification is histone ubiquitination, which primarily targets histone H2A and H2B. Although ubiquitination of H2A and H2B has been generally linked to gene silencing and(More)
Posttranslational histone modifications play a crucial role in the regulation of chromatin structure and gene activity. In previous studies, we identified the histone H2A ubiquitin ligase as Ring2, together in a complex with Ring1, Bmi1, and HPH2 (human polyhomeotic 2). We report here that the oncogene Bmi1 stimulates H2A ubiquitylation both in vitro and in(More)
The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical significance of E-cadherin protein expression and the methylation status in CDH1 promoter in endometrial cancer. The expression of E-cadherin and methylation in its promoter region was analyzed, retrospectively, in 152 clinical tissue samples from patients with endometrial lesions. We found that the(More)
In contrast to extensive studies on the roles of molecular chaperones, such as heat shock proteins, there are only a few reports about the roles of GRP78/BiP, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced molecular chaperone, in mammalian cell responses to DNA-damaging stresses. To investigate whether GRP78/BiP is involved in resistance to a DNA-damaging(More)
Kinesin-like protein KIFC1, a normally nonessential kinesin motor, plays a critical role in centrosome clustering in cancer cells and is essential for the survival of cancer cells. Herein, we reported that KIFC1 expression is up-regulated in breast cancer, particularly in estrogen receptor negative, progesterone receptor negative and triple negative breast(More)
Mesd is a specialized chaperone for Wnt co-receptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-5 (LRP5) and LRP6, which contain four β-propeller/epidermal growth factor modules, named E1 to E4 from N- to C-terminal, in their extracellular domains. Herein, we demonstrated that recombinant Mesd protein is a general Wnt inhibitor that blocks(More)
Human small fragment nuclease (Sfn) is one of the cellular proteins that were reported to degrade small, single-stranded DNA and RNA. However, the biological role of Sfn in cellular response to various stressors such as UV-C (mainly 254 nm wavelength ultraviolet ray) remains unclear. We have examined whether modulation of human SFN gene expression affects(More)
Historically, drugs used in the treatment of cancers also tend to cause damage to healthy cells while affecting cancer cells. Therefore, the identification of novel agents that act specifically against cancer cells remains a high priority in the search for new therapies. In contrast with normal cells, most cancer cells contain multiple centrosomes which are(More)