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In contrast to the well-established role of oxidative muscle fibers in regulating whole-body metabolism, little is known about the function of fast/glycolytic muscle fibers in these processes. Here, we generated a skeletal muscle-specific, conditional transgenic mouse expressing a constitutively active form of Akt1. Transgene activation led to muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Recent resting-state fMRI studies on major depressive disorder (MDD) have found altered temporal correlation between low-frequency oscillations (LFOs). However, changes on the amplitudes of these LFOs remain largely unknown. METHODS Twenty-two medication-naive, first-episode patients with MDD and 19 age-, sex-, education-matched healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The previous resting perfusion or task-based studies have provided evidence of functional changes in the brains of patients with late-life depression (LLD). Little is known, so far, about the changes in the spontaneous brain activity in LLD during the resting state. The aim of this study was to investigate the spontaneous neural activity in(More)
In social anxiety disorder (SAD), impairments in limbic/paralimbic structures are associated with emotional dysregulation and inhibition of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC). Little is known, however, about alterations in limbic and frontal regions associated with the integrated morphometric, functional, and structural architecture of SAD. Whether altered(More)
Although signaling mechanisms inducing cardiac hypertrophy have been extensively studied, little is known about the mechanisms that reverse cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we describe the existence of a similar Akt/forkhead signaling axis in cardiac myocytes in vitro and in vivo, which is regulated by insulin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF), stretch, pressure(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have indicated that the structure deficits and resting-state functional connectivity (FC) imbalances in cortico-limbic circuitry might underline the pathophysiology of MDD. Using structure and functional MRI, our aim is to investigate gray matter abnormalities in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) and(More)
IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) regulates early type I IFNs and other genes involved in innate immunity. We have previously shown that cells undergoing an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response called the unfolded protein response produce synergistically augmented IFN-β when stimulated with pattern recognition receptor agonists such as LPS. Concomitant(More)
PURPOSE To determine the clinical relevance of 13 reported common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of cytokine genes in patients with major trauma. METHODS Thirteen SNPs in nine key cytokine genes were selected for association study in 308 patients with major trauma on the basis of previous functional or association data. An allele-specific(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), most commonly seen during the organ dysfunction remains unsatisfied. Presently, the stem/progenitor cell-based endogenous repair has been aroused attention enormously. This report investigated the effects of retinoic acid (RA) plus simvastatin (SS) with respect to dynamics of lung(More)
A severe complication of dengue virus infection, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), is hypothesized to be immunologically mediated and virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) may trigger DHF. It is also likely that dengue virus-specific CTLs are important for recovery from dengue virus infections. There is little available information on the human CD8+ T(More)