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Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation has the potential to treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we investigated the effect of transplanted NSCs in a PD animal model. NSCs isolated from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of E14 rats were cultured in vitro to produce neurospheres, which were subsequently infected with(More)
Several studies have shown that nitric oxide (NO) inhibits Na(+) transport in renal and alveolar monolayers. However, the mechanisms by which NO alters epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity is unclear. Therefore, we examined the effect of applying the NO donor drug l-propanamine 3,2-hydroxy-2-nitroso-1-propylhidrazino (PAPA-NONOate) to cultured renal(More)
Activity of the vascular large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channel is tightly regulated by its accessory β(1) subunit (BK-β(1)). Downregulation of BK-β(1) expression in diabetic vessels is associated with upregulation of the forkhead box O subfamily transcription factor-3a (FOXO-3a)-dependent F-box-only protein (FBXO) expression. However, the(More)
In the mouse, digit tip regeneration progresses through a series of discrete stages that include inflammation, histolysis, epidermal closure, blastema formation, and redifferentiation. Recent studies reveal how each regenerative stage influences subsequent stages to establish a blastema that directs the successful regeneration of a complex mammalian(More)
paper presents the evolutionary programming with an ensemble of memories to deal with optimization problems in dynamic environments. The proposed algorithm modifies a recent version of evolutionary programming by introducing a simulated-annealing-like dynamic strategy parameter as well as applying local search towards the most improving directions.(More)
PURPOSE To develop large-scale, high-throughput annotation of the human macula transcriptome and to identify and prioritize candidate genes for inherited retinal dystrophies, based on ocular-expression profiles using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). METHODS Two human retina and two retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)/choroid SAGE libraries made(More)
The rhombic lip (RL) is the neuroepithelium immediately adjacent to the roof plate of the fourth ventricle, and it gives rise to various brainstem and cerebellar cell types. Our study shows that the bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) transcription factor Olig3 is expressed in the progenitors of RL, and ablation of Olig3 significantly affects the development of(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) play an essential role in maintaining total body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. As such, abnormal expression of ENaC at the cell surface is linked to several important human diseases. Although the stability of ENaC subunits has been extensively studied by protein biochemical analysis, the half-life of the functional(More)
This paper introduces a notion of coordinated and cooperative relay systems (CCRS) for providing enhanced cellular coverage in highly populated public transportation such as passenger trains, cruise ships, etc. This notion considers a closed group of relay nodes and cells thereof, deployed together for particular service area of interest, as a new(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Substantial evidence suggests a link between elevated inflammation and development of insulin resistance. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) recognises a large number of lipid-containing molecules and transduces inflammatory signalling in a variety of cell types, including insulin-responsive cells. Considering the contribution of the fatty acid(More)