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BACKGROUND The incidence of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) varies among countries, with Asia reporting a higher incidence in comparison with Western countries. We investigated the epidemiologic features of INS and attempted to identify factors that predispose individuals to develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS Claims data from the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to possess immunomodulatory properties. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that results in nephritis and subsequent destruction of renal microstructure. We investigated whether transplantation of human umbilical cord blood-derived MSCs (uMSCs) is useful in alleviating lupus nephritis in a(More)
H1-A, a pure compound used in traditional Chinese medicine, is effective in the treatment of autoimmune disorders of MRL lpr/lpr mice. We have previously reported that after 8 weeks of oral therapy with H1-A, 40 microg/kg/day, MRL lpr/lpr mice demonstrated significantly less proteinuria, lower serum creatinine levels, and less renal mesangial proliferation(More)
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill children varies among countries. Here we used claims data from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance program from 2006 to 2010 to investigate the epidemiological features and identify factors that predispose individuals to developing AKI and mortality in critically ill children with AKI. Of(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality rate among children requiring renal replacement therapy is higher than in children without end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Some factors, such as hypoalbuminemia, high peritoneal transport rate, age, malnutrition, cardiovascular disease, and recurrent peritonitis, appear to be associated with lower survival in adult peritoneal(More)
Ethnicity and age play important roles in the epidemiology of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) in children. The purposes of this study were to compare the clinical features, renal histopathology, steroid response, and long-term prognosis in Chinese children between different age groups. This is a retrospective cohort study of children aged between 2 and(More)
BACKGROUND Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a primary glomerular disease that usually progresses to renal failure. Although high-dose pulse methylprednisolone therapy (PMT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of steroid-resistant FSGS, adverse effects have caused parents to hesitate in approving the treatment. The aim of this study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Steroid treatment is a mainstay in the management of nephrotic syndrome, but has the potential to impair growth and development of children. This study evaluated the effects of steroid regimens on linear growth of body height in children with nephrotic syndrome. METHODS Hospital records of height measurements were reviewed for a(More)
Renovascular disease is an important cause of secondary hypertension in children. In contrary to the adult patients whose major cause of renal artery stenosis (RAS) is atherosclerosis, fibromuscular dysplasia is responsible for the renovascular hypertension in most children. Mid-aortic syndrome (MAS) is a rare abnormality referring to an isolated disease of(More)