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The plant-specific LBD (LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES domain) genes belong to a major family of transcription factor that encode a zinc finger-like domain. It has been shown that LBD genes play crucial roles in the growth and development of Arabidopsis and other plant species. However, no detailed information concerning this family is available for apple. In the(More)
BACKGROUND The authors investigated whether coexpression and localization of E-cadherin (E-cad) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) had predictive and/or prognostic correlations with lymph node metastasis and/or survival in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). METHODS Immunohistochemistry (IHC) of archival tissue was(More)
Metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is a significant health-care problem worldwide. The 5-year survival rate is less than 50% for patients with lymph node metastases. Understanding the molecular basis of SCCHN metastasis would facilitate the development of new therapeutic approaches to the disease. To identify proteins that(More)
p190RhoGAP (p190), a Rho family GTPase-activating protein, regulates actin stress fiber dynamics via hydrolysis of Rho-GTP. Recent data suggest that p190 also regulates cell proliferation. To gain insights into the cellular process(es) affected by p190, we altered its levels by conditional or transient overexpression. Overexpression of p190 resulted in a(More)
Sirtuins (a class III histone deacetylase) have emerged as novel targets for cancer therapy. Salermide, a reverse amide compound that inhibits Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and Sirtuin 2 (Sirt2), has been shown to induce apoptosis in human cancer cells. The mechanism underlying cellular apoptotic signalling by salermide remains unclear. In this study, we show that(More)
p190RhoGAP-A (p190) is a GTPase-activating protein known to regulate actin cytoskeleton dynamics by decreasing RhoGTP levels through activation of Rho intrinsic GTPase activity. We have previously shown that p190 protein levels are cell cycle-regulated, decreasing in mitosis, and that this decrease is mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. In(More)
Nanoparticle quantum dots (QDs) provide sharper and more photostable fluorescent signals than organic dyes, allowing quantification of multiple biomarkers simultaneously. In this study, we quantified the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and E-cadherin (E-cad) in the same cells simultaneously by using secondary antibody-conjugated QDs(More)
Salinomycin is perhaps the first promising compound that was discovered through high throughput screening in cancer stem cells. This novel agent can selectively eliminate breast and other cancer stem cells, though the mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we found that salinomycin induced autophagy in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)(More)
With the characterization of Sir2 gene in yeast aging, its mammalian homologs Sirtuins 1–7 have been attracting attention from scientists with various research backgrounds. Among Sirtuins, SIRT1 is the most extensively studied. Recent progress on mammalian Sirtuins has shown that SIRT6 as a histone deacetylase may also play a critical role in regulating(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been reported to downregulate E-cadherin (E-cad); however, whether the downregulation of E-cad has any effect on EGFR expression has not been elucidated. Our previous studies have found an inverse correlation between EGFR and E-cad expression in tissue specimens of squamous cell carcinoma of the head(More)