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BACKGROUND Target identification is important for modern drug discovery. With the advances in the development of molecular docking, potential binding proteins may be discovered by docking a small molecule to a repository of proteins with three-dimensional (3D) structures. To complete this task, a reverse docking program and a drug target database with 3D(More)
Glucosensing neurons are specialized cells that use glucose as a signaling molecule to alter their action potential frequency in response to variations in ambient glucose levels. Glucokinase (GK) appears to be the primary regulator of most neuronal glucosensing, but other regulators almost certainly exist. Glucose-excited neurons increase their activity(More)
To evaluate potential mechanisms for neuronal glucosensing, fura-2 Ca(2+) imaging and single-cell RT-PCR were carried out in dissociated ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN) neurons. Glucose-excited (GE) neurons increased and glucose-inhibited (GI) neurons decreased intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) oscillations as glucose increased from 0.5 to 2.5(More)
To test the hypothesis that glucokinase is a critical regulator of neuronal glucosensing, glucokinase activity was increased, using a glucokinase activator drug, or decreased, using RNA interference combined with calcium imaging in freshly dissociated ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN) neurons or primary ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH; VMN plus arcuate(More)
TarFisDock is a web-based tool for automating the procedure of searching for small molecule-protein interactions over a large repertoire of protein structures. It offers PDTD (potential drug target database), a target database containing 698 protein structures covering 15 therapeutic areas and a reverse ligand-protein docking program. In contrast to(More)
Antecedent insulin-induced hypoglycemia (IIH) reduces adrenomedullary responses (AMR) to subsequent bouts of hypoglycemia. The ventromedial hypothalamus [VMH: arcuate (ARC) + ventromedial nuclei] contains glucosensing neurons, which are thought to be mediators of these AMR. Since type 1 diabetes mellitus often begins in childhood, we used juvenile (4- to(More)
An improved potential mean force (PMF) scoring function, named KScore, has been developed by using 23 redefined ligand atom types and 17 protein atom types, as well as 28 newly introduced atom types for nucleic acids (DNA and RNA). Metal ions and water molecules embedded in the binding sites of receptors are considered explicitly by two newly defined atom(More)
A new optimization model of molecular docking is proposed, and a fast flexible docking method based on an improved adaptive genetic algorithm is developed in this paper. The algorithm takes some advanced techniques, such as multi-population genetic strategy, entropy-based searching technique with self-adaptation and the quasi-exact penalty. A new iteration(More)
BACKGROUND Development of a fast and accurate scoring function in virtual screening remains a hot issue in current computer-aided drug research. Different scoring functions focus on diverse aspects of ligand binding, and no single scoring can satisfy the peculiarities of each target system. Therefore, the idea of a consensus score strategy was put forward.(More)