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Both activated and resting CD4(+) T cells in mucosal tissues play important roles in the earliest phases of infection after sexual transmission of HIV-1, a process that is inefficient. HIV-1 gp120 binds to integrin alpha(4)beta(7) (alpha(4)beta(7)), the gut mucosal homing receptor. We find that alpha(4)beta(7)(high) CD4(+) T cells are more susceptible to(More)
A herb-combined prescription, mainly derived from roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Panax notoginseng, has been widely used for improving coronary or cerebral circulation in China as well as in Western countries. Multiple commercially available preparations, known as Fufang Danshen preparations (FDPs), produced by various manufacturers with the raw materials(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is the pathogen of SARS, which caused a global panic in 2003. We describe here the screening of Chinese herbal medicine-based, novel small molecules that bind avidly with the surface spike protein of SARS-CoV and thus can interfere with the entry of the virus to its host cells. We achieved this by(More)
The HIV protein Nef is thought to mediate immune evasion and promote viral persistence in part by down-regulating major histocompatibility complex class I protein (MHC-I or HLA-I) from the cell surface. Two different models have been proposed to explain this phenomenon as follows: 1) stimulation of MHC-I retrograde trafficking from and aberrant recycling to(More)
By fully optimizing the separation and analytical conditions, a rapid-resolution LC (RRLC, 1.8 microm particle size) coupled with TOF-MS method was developed and validated for multiple compounds analysis of traditional Chinese medicinal compound preparations (TCMCPs). As a typical example, determination of Compound Danshen preparations (CDPs, mainly(More)
An improved quality control method was developed to simultaneously determine 15 major constituents (eight flavonoids and seven saponins) in various radix Astragali preparations, using SPE for pretreatment of samples, HPLC with diode-array and evaporative light scattering detectors (DAD-ELSD) for quantification in one run, and HPLC-ESI-TOF/MS for definite(More)
IL-17 and its receptor are founding members of a novel inflammatory cytokine family. To date, only one IL-17 receptor subunit has been identified, termed IL-17RA. All known cytokine receptors consist of a complex of multiple subunits. Although IL-17-family cytokines exist as homodimers, the configuration and stoichiometry of the IL-17R complex remain(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable hematological malignancy. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-expressing T cells have been demonstrated successfully in the clinic to treat B-lymphoid malignancies. However, the potential utility of antigen-specific CAR-engineered natural-killer (NK) cells to treat MM has not been explored. In this study, we determined(More)
A sensitive and reliable high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of five main bioactive components, i.e., calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, ononin, astragaloside IV, astragaloside I and ferulic acid in rat plasma after oral administration of Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT)(More)
A liquid chromatographic method was developed for simultaneous determination of two main types of bioactive compounds: four phytoecdysones and eight triterpenoids in radix achyranthis bidentatae (RAB), i.e., polypodine B (1), ecdysterone (2), 25-R inokosterone (3), 25-S inokosterone (4), ginsenoside Ro (5), chikusetsusaponin IVa (6), zingibroside R1 (7),(More)