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Plant alkaloid tetrandrine (Tet), purified from Chinese herb Han-Fang Chi, is a potent immunomodulator used to treat rheumatic disorders, silicosis and hypertension in mainland China. We previously demonstrated that Tet effectively suppresses cytokine production and proliferation of CD28-costimulated T cells. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE The activation of T lymphocytes contributes to the inflammatory process of atherosclerosis. Here we examined the effects of carvedilol, a new beta-blocker containing an antioxidative property, on the activation of T cells. METHODS Human peripheral blood T cells were negatively selected from whole blood. Cytokines were measured by ELISA. The(More)
The immunopathogenesis mechanism of dengue virus (DV) infection remains elusive. We previously showed that the target of DV in humans is dendritic cells (DCs), the primary sentinels of immune system. We also observed that despite the significant amount of IFN-alpha induced; DV particles remain massively produced from infected DCs. It suggests that DV may(More)
Interferons (IFNs) are critical cytokines that regulate immune response against virus infections. Dengue virus (DV) infections are a major public health concern worldwide, and especially in Asia. In the present study, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of action of IFN-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 3 (IFIT3) in human lung epithelial(More)
INTRODUCTION Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in joints contributes to the pathogenesis of cartilage damage in osteoarthritis (OA). We aim to explore the potential chondroprotective effects of resveratrol on AGEs-stimulated porcine chondrocytes and cartilage explants. METHODS Chondrocytes were isolated from pig joints. Activation of(More)
The activation of T lymphocytes contributes to the inflammatory processes of atherosclerotic diseases. Danshen is a traditional Chinese medicine and has shown therapeutic effects in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. We investigated the effects of aqueous extract of Danshen (magnesium lithospermate B (MLB)) on phorbol 12-myristate(More)
OBJECTIVES The major risk factor for OA is ageing; however, the mechanisms remain largely unclear. We investigated the effects and mechanisms of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that accumulate in aged joints in chondrocytes. METHODS Porcine chondrocytes or cartilage fragments were prepared. Gene expression of MMPs and a disintegrin and(More)
Autoimmune diseases are a group of illnesses with multiple organ involvement. The prototype of this group of disorders is rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that aside from systemic organ involvement mainly presents with progressive destruction of many joints. Both activation and defective apoptosis of immune effector cells like T and B lymphocytes and macrophages(More)
The activation of T lymphocytes contributes to inflammatory process of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. We investigated the effects of the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb), an ancient plant preserving antioxidant property, on phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate+ionomycin or anti-CD3+anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies-activated T cells. Human peripheral(More)
Monocytes are a population of leukocytes that terminally differentiate into macrophages and DCs. Whereas these differentiated progeny have inflammatory and resident--which are more immunomodulatory--phenotypes, less has been reported on the plasticity of monocytes themselves. We found that MSCs, a population of somatic stem cells, can rapidly induce human(More)