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PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations related to gefitinib responsiveness in non-small cell lung cancer have been found recently. Detection of EGFR mutations has become an important issue for therapeutic decision-making in non-small cell lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Mutational analysis of the kinase domain of EGFR coding sequence(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) can be used to predict the tumor response of patients receiving gefitinib for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the association between mutations in EGFR tyrosine kinase domain and tumor response and survival in gefitinib-treated NSCLC patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN EGFR(More)
We show that c-Myc, in addition to activating transcription through E-box Myc binding sites (Ems), also represses transcription by a mechanism dependent on initiator (Inr) elements of the basal promoters of susceptible genes. Repression was first observed as a component of c-Myc biphasic regulation of the adenovirus-2 major late promoter (MLP), which(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common sequence variation in the human genome; they have been successfully used in mapping disease genes and more recently in studying population genetics and cancer genetics. In a population-based association study using high-density oligonucleotide arrays for whole-genome SNP genotyping, we discovered(More)
Brother and Big brother were isolated as Runt-interacting proteins and are homologous to CBF(beta), which interacts with the mammalian CBF(alpha) Runt-domain proteins. In vitro experiments indicate that Brother family proteins regulate the DNA binding activity of Runt-domain proteins without contacting DNA. In both mouse and human there is genetic evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) causes disability that often requires surgical intervention. Most cases of ANFH are sporadic, but we identified three families in which there was autosomal dominant inheritance of the disease and mapped the chromosomal position of the gene to 12q13. METHODS We carried out haplotype analysis in the(More)
Nosocomial infections caused by antibiotic-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae are emerging as a major health problem worldwide, while community-acquired K. pneumoniae infections present with a range of diverse clinical pictures in different geographic areas. In particular, an invasive form of K. pneumoniae that causes liver abscesses was first observed in Asia(More)
A plasmid containing the qnrS quinolone resistance determinant and the gene encoding the SHV-2 beta-lactamase has been discovered from a clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae strain isolated in Taiwan. The complete 98-kb sequence of this plasmid, designated pK245, was determined by using a whole-genome shotgun approach. Transfer of pK245 conferred low-level(More)
The Drosophila runt gene is the founding member of the Runt domain family of transcriptional regulators. Mammalian Runt domain genes encode the alpha subunit of the heterometric DNA-binding factor PEBP2/CBF. The unrelated PEBP2/CBF beta protein interacts with the Runt domain to increase its affinity for DNA. The conserved ability of the Drosophila Runt(More)
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an enteric pathogen causing community-acquired and hospital-acquired infections in humans. Epidemiological studies have revealed significant diversity in capsular polysaccharide (CPS) type and clinical manifestation of K. pneumoniae infection in different geographical areas of the world. We have sequenced the capsular polysaccharide(More)