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—When a large amount of sensors are randomly deployed into a field, how can we make a sleep/activate schedule for sensors to maximize the lifetime of target coverage in the field? This is a well-known problem, called Maximum Lifetime Coverage Problem (MLCP), which has been studied extensively in the literature. It is a long-standing open problem whether(More)
—In this paper, we will study a special Connected Dominating Set (CDS) problem — between any two nodes in a network, there exists at least one shortest path, all of whose intermediate nodes should be included in a special CDS, named Minimum rOuting Cost CDS (MOC-CDS). Therefore, routing by MOC-CDS can guarantee that each routing path between any pair of(More)
Accumulated evidence suggests that M2-like polarized tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) plays an important role in cancer progression and metastasis, establishing TAMs, especially M2-like TAMs as an appealing target for therapy intervention. Here we found that metformin significantly suppressed IL-13 induced M2-like polarization of macrophages, as(More)
Some of the most serious diseases involve altered size and structure of the arterial wall. Elucidating how arterial walls are built could aid understanding of these diseases, but little is known about how concentric layers of muscle cells and the outer adventitial layer are assembled and patterned around endothelial tubes. Using histochemical, clonal, and(More)
It is prevailingly thought that estrogen signaling is not involved in development of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer. However, there is evidence indicating that ovariectomy prevents the development of both ER-positive and -negative breast cancer, suggesting that estrogen signaling is involved in the development of ER-negative breast cancer.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of expression of Fas-associated proteins and its cellular localization in the peri-infarct region following transient focal cerebral ischemia. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) for 2 h and reperfusion for 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h. The expression of(More)
—Topology control is one vital factor to a wireless network's efficiency. A Connected Dominating Set (CDS) can be a useful basis of a backbone topology construction. In this paper, a special CDS, named í µí»¼ Minimum rOuting Cost CDS (í µí»¼-MOC-CDS), will be studied to improve the performance of CDS based broadcasting and routing. In this paper, we prove(More)
It is prevailingly thought that the antiestrogens tamoxifen and ICI 182, 780 are competitive antagonists of the estrogen-binding site of the estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α). However, a plethora of evidence demonstrated both antiestrogens exhibit agonist activities in different systems such as activation of the membrane-initiated signaling pathways. The(More)
— Using directional antennas to conserve bandwidth and energy consumption in ad hoc wireless networks has attracted much attention of the research community in recent years. However, limited research has focused on applying directional antennas to broadcasting. We devise a link reduction (LR) based broadcasting protocol for ad hoc wireless networks using(More)