Linford Williams

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Numerous in vivo studies have demonstrated that psychostimulant drugs such as amphetamine and cocaine can induce the expression of the immediate early gene c-fos in striatal neurons via the activation of D1 dopamine receptors. NMDA receptor activation is also known to induce c-fos in the striatum. In the present study we have used a primary striatal(More)
Autophagy is a conserved lysosomal degradation process that has important roles in both normal human physiology and disease. However, the function of autophagy in bone homeostasis is not well understood. Here, we report that autophagy is activated during osteoblast differentiation. Ablation of focal adhesion kinase family interacting protein of 200 kD(More)
Previous work reveals that orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) administered supraspinally produces an initial hyperalgesic response followed by analgesia. Spinally, OFQ/N elicits a rapidly appearing, naltrexone-reversible, dose-dependent analgesia in the tailflick assay without any indication of hyperalgesia. Two OFQ/N fragments, OFQ/N (1-7) and OFQ/N (1-11),(More)
A number of studies have implicated tumor-induced Treg cell activity in the sub-optimal response to therapeutic vaccines. Development of neo-adjuvant strategies targeting Treg cells is therefore imperative. Scutellaria extracts or constituent flavonoids have shown encouraging efficacy against various tumors, including gliomas, in both pre-clinical and(More)
Decreased bone formation is often associated with increased bone marrow adiposity. The molecular mechanisms that are accountable for the negative correlation between bone mass and bone marrow adiposity are incompletely understood. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) has critical functions in proliferation and differentiation of many cell types; however, its roles(More)
Three novel species-specific monoclonal antibodies 5.1.H, 8.7.D and 13.7.A raised against semi-purified detergent solubilized fractions of the Tera 1 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cell line are restricted in their in vitro distribution to undifferentiated human EC cell lines. Competition experiments have established that distinct antigenic specificities are seen(More)
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