Learn More
We recently demonstrated that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) forms complexes with CXCR4, but also with syndecan-4 expressed by human primary lymphocytes and macrophages, and HeLa cells. We also suggested that syndecan-4 behaves as a SDF-1-signaling molecule. Here, we demonstrate that SDF-1 strongly accelerates the shedding of syndecan-4(More)
In addition to their physiologic effects in inflammation and angiogenesis, chemokines are involved in cancer pathology. The aim of this study was to determine whether the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) induces the growth, migration, and invasion of human hepatoma cells. We show that SDF-1 G protein-coupled receptor, chemokine (C-X-C motif)(More)
It is believed that proteoglycans influence biological properties of chemokines. We show that the CC chemokine RANTES binds not only to high-affinity binding sites on CCR5-positive HeLa cells but also to low-affinity binding sites on HeLa cells expressing or lacking RANTES G protein-coupled receptors. Coimmunoprecipitation studies demonstrate that RANTES(More)
In the present study, we demonstrate a specific low-affinity interaction between recombinant precursor gp160 (rgp160) or surface unit gp120 (rgp120) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), a human glycoprotein displaying complex type N-glycans. Binding of rgp160/rgp120 to agarose-coupled AGP was dose-dependent,(More)
The effect of different murine monoclonal antibodies (Mab) specific for the glycoprotein complement receptor type 1 (CR1), type 2 (CR2), and type 3 (CR3) on the adhesion to and on the phagocytosis of human senescent red blood cells (S-RBC) by monocytes or by monocyte-derived macrophages (M phi) was investigated. Murine Mab anti-CR3 (anti-Leu 15 and OKM1)(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether mannosyl-specific lectins, especially Concanavalin A (ConA), may bridge HIV-1 env glycoproteins to cell membranes to increase virus binding to its targets, and to what extent this lectin-carbohydrate interaction can modify HIV-1 infectivity for monocytic compared with lymphoid cells. Monocytic U937 and lymphoid(More)
We recently demonstrated that RANTES forms complexes with CCR5, syndecan-1 (SD-1), SD-4, and CD44 expressed by human primary macrophages and that SD-1 and SD-4 but neither CD44 nor SD-2 coimmunoprecipitate with CCR5. Here we show that RANTES directly binds in a glycosaminoglycan-dependent manner to SD-1, SD-4, and CD44. Moreover, RANTES accelerates the(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCL12, the ligand for CXCR4, induces signal transduction. We previously showed that CXCL12 binds to high- and low-affinity sites expressed by primary cells and cell lines, and forms complexes with CXCR4 as expected and also with a proteoglycan, syndecan-4, but does not form complexes with syndecan-1, syndecan-2, CD44(More)
We have reported previously that human alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) inhibits the infection of human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) by R5 HIV-1, and that a disulphide-bridged peptide mimicking the clade B HIV-1 gp120 consensus V3 domain (V3Cs) binds specifically to CCR5 (the major co-receptor of R5 HIV strains) on these cells [Seddiki, Rabehi,(More)
The stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a CXC chemokine, which plays critical roles in migration, proliferation, and differentiation of leukocytes. SDF-1 is the only known ligand of CXCR4, the coreceptor of X4 HIV strains. We show that SDF-1 binds to high- and low-affinity sites on HeLa cells. Coimmunoprecipitation studies demonstrate that glycanated(More)