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Several lactic acid bacteria produce so-called pediocin-like bacteriocins that share sequence characteristics, but differ in activity and target cell specificity. The significance of a C-terminal disulfide bridge present in only a few of these bacteriocins was studied by site-directed mutagenesis of pediocin PA-1 (which naturally contains the bridge) and(More)
Pediocin-like antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) form a group of lactic acid bacteria produced, cationic membrane-permeabilizing peptides with 37 to 48 residues. Upon exposure to membrane-mimicking entities, their hydrophilic, cationic, and highly conserved N-terminal region forms a three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet supported by a conserved disulfide(More)
Pediocin PA-1 is a food grade antimicrobial peptide that has been used as a food preservative. Upon storage at 4 degrees C or room temperature, pediocin PA-1 looses activity, and there is a concomitant 16-Da increase in the molecular mass. It is shown that the loss of activity follows first-order kinetics and that the instability can be prevented by(More)
The pediocin-like bacteriocins contain two domains: a cationic N-terminal beta-sheet domain that mediates binding of the bacteriocin to the target cell surface and a more hydrophobic C-terminal hairpin-like domain that penetrates into the hydrophobic part of the target cell membrane. The two domains are joined by a hinge, which enables movement of the(More)
The immunity proteins of pediocin-like bacteriocins show a high degree of specificity with respect to the pediocin-like bacteriocin they recognize and confer immunity to. The aim of this study was to identify regions of the immunity proteins that are involved in this specific recognition. Six different hybrid immunity proteins were constructed from three(More)
Many Gram-positive bacteria produce ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides, often termed bacteriocins. Genes encoding pediocin-like bacteriocins are generally cotranscribed with or in close vicinity to a gene encoding a cognate immunity protein that protects the bacteriocin-producer from their own bacteriocin. We present the first crystal structure(More)
OBJECTIVES In order to search for novel antibacterial compounds we used a previously developed screening strain designed specifically to discover inhibitors of the bacterial initiator protein, DnaA. This strain (SF53) is not viable at 30 degrees C due to overinitiation. Therefore, compounds that are able to restore growth to SF53 cells are likely to cause(More)
Many animal studies have been performed with krill oil (KO) and this review aims to summarize their findings and give insight into the mechanism of action of KO. Animal models that have been used in studies with KO include obesity, depression, myocardial infarction, chronic low-grade and ulcerative inflammation and are described in detail. Moreover, studies(More)
Escherichia coli cells with a point mutation in the dnaN gene causing the amino acid change Gly157 to Cys, were found to underinitiate replication and grow with a reduced origin and DNA concentration. The mutant β clamp also caused excessive conversion of ATP-DnaA to ADP-DnaA. The DnaA protein was, however, not the element limiting initiation of(More)
Crystals of the bacterial enterocin A immunity protein have been prepared by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique at 293 K. The crystals diffract to better than 1.7 A resolution and X-ray diffraction data to 1.65 A have been collected at 110 K using synchrotron radiation. The enterocin A immunity protein crystals belong to the monoclinic crystal(More)