Line Bourel-Bonnet

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In eukaryotic cells, nanotubes represent a substantial fraction of transport intermediates between organelles. They are extracted from membranes by molecular motors walking along microtubules. We previously showed that kinesins fixed on giant unilamellar vesicles in contact with microtubules are sufficient to form nanotubes in vitro. Motors were attached to(More)
Key cellular processes such as cell division, membrane compartmentalization, and intracellular transport rely on motor proteins. Motors have been studied in detail on the single motor level such that information on their step size, stall force, average run length, and processivity are well known. However, in vivo, motors often work together, so that the(More)
Collections of motors dynamically organize to extract membrane tubes. These tubes grow but often pause or change direction as they traverse an underlying microtubule (MT) network. In vitro, membrane tubes also stall: they stop growing in length despite a large group of motors available at the tip to pull them forward. In these stationary membrane tubes in(More)
Click-based reactions were conducted at the surface of small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) to provide onto-vesicle chemistry with efficient innovative ready-for-use tools. For that purpose, four amphiphilic molecules were designed to insert into bilayers while presenting a reactive functional head. In this manner, a(More)
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