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Glutamate-gated chloride (GluCl) channels are the site of action of the anthelmintic ivermectin. Previously, the Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system has been used to characterize GluCl channels cloned from Caenorhabditis elegans. However, information on the native, pharmacologically relevant receptors is lacking. Here, we have used a quantitative(More)
Mutations in the human dystrophin gene cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a common neuromuscular disease leading to a progressive necrosis of muscle cells. The etiology of this necrosis has not been clearly established, and the cellular function of the dystrophin protein is still unknown. We report here the identification of a dystrophin-like gene (named(More)
The effects of ethanol on the brain are concentration dependent. Low concentrations (mM) intoxicate, while greater than 100 mM anaesthetize. Of most relevance to human alcohol addiction are mechanisms of intoxication. Previously, Caenorhabditis elegans has been employed in genetic screens to define effectors of intoxication. Here, we inform interpretation(More)
Acute ethanol exposure affects the nervous system as a stimulant at low concentrations and as a depressant at higher concentrations, eventually resulting in motor dysfunction and uncoordination. A recent genetic study of two mouse strains with varying ethanol preference indicated a correlation with a polymorphism (D216N) in the synaptic protein Munc18-1.(More)
1. The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors on the somatic muscle cells of Ascaris, which mediate muscle cell hyperpolarization and relaxation, have been characterized by use of intracellular recording techniques. 2. These receptors are like mammalian GABAA-receptors in that the response is mediated by an increase conductance to chloride ions. The(More)
PF1 (SDPNFLRFamide) is a FMRFamide-like peptide extracted from the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus. Here we show that this peptide causes a hyperpolarization of somatic muscle cells of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum and a relaxation of the somatic muscle strip preparation. We have assessed whether or not the relaxation of Ascaris dorsal(More)
NADPH diaphorase has recently been discovered to be responsible for neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity in mammals. It thus serves as a histochemical marker for the localization of NO synthase in the nervous system. The histochemical technique was used to map out potential NO-producing neurones in the nervous system of the parasitic nematode,(More)
This review considers the factors involved in the regulation of feeding and metabolism in response to food deprivation using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism. Some of the sensory neurons and interneurons involved in food intake are described, together with an overview of pharyngeal pumping. A number of chemical transmitters control feeding in C.(More)
Dystrobrevins are protein components of the dystrophin complex, whose disruption leads to Duchenne muscular dystrophy and related diseases. The Caenorhabditis elegans dystrobrevin gene (dyb-1) encodes a protein 38 % identical with its mammalian counterparts. The C. elegans dystrobrevin is expressed in muscles and neurons. We characterised C. elegans dyb-1(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest family of genes in animal genomes and represent more than 2% of genes in humans and C. elegans. These evolutionarily conserved seven-transmembrane proteins transduce a diverse range of signals. In view of their pivotal role in cell signaling, it is perhaps surprising that decades of genetic analysis in C.(More)