Lindsey R. Enewold

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Thyroid cancer incidence has been rising in the United States, and this trend has often been attributed to heightened medical surveillance and the use of improved diagnostics. Thyroid cancer incidence varies by sex and race/ethnicity, and these factors also influence access to and utilization of healthcare. We therefore examined thyroid cancer incidence(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies that were based primarily on small numbers of patients suggested that certain circulating proinflammatory cytokines may be associated with lung cancer; however, large independent studies are lacking. METHODS Associations between serum interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8) levels and lung cancer were analyzed among 270(More)
Tobacco smoke is a major source of human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The concentration of PAHs in lung tissue would reflect an individual's dose, and its variation could perhaps reflect cancer risk. Eleven PAHs were measured in 70 lung tissue samples from cancer-free autopsy donors by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. There were(More)
Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may be associated with differences in the repair efficiency of DNA damage and may influence an individual's risk of lung cancer. The frequencies of several amino acid substitutions in XRCC1 (Arg194Trp, Arg280His and Arg399Gln), XRCC3 (Thr241Met), XPD (Ile199Met, His201Tyr, Asp312Asn and Lys751Gln) and XPF (Pro379Ser) genes(More)
Lung cancer is primarily caused by tobacco smoking, but susceptibility is likely modified by common genetic variation. In response to many forms of cellular stress, including DNA damage, the p53 protein functions to induce cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, senescence, or apoptosis. We hypothesized that common TP53 haplotypes modulate pathways of lung(More)
The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay (Oncotype DX™) predicts the likelihood of breast cancer recurrence and chemotherapy responsiveness. The aims of this study were to describe temporal trends in assay usage, to investigate factors associated with the receipt of the assay and to determine how the assay is associated with treatment decisions. Random(More)
Although epidemiologic studies have examined the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in relation to cancer, none have been large population-based studies using incident ALS and adjusting for medical surveillance. Addressing those limitations, all first primary cancer cases from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests a role for inflammation in the development and progression of cancer. Our group recently identified a cytokine gene signature in lung tissue associated with lung cancer prognosis. Therefore, we hypothesized that concentrations of circulating cytokines in serum may be associated with lung cancer survival. Ten serum cytokines,(More)
Despite being the basis of one of the most effective interventions in lung cancer, little is known about the patterns of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing in the general population. We assessed the frequencies and determinants of EGFR testing and erlotinib treatment among a population-based sample. A random sample (n = 1,358) of(More)
BACKGROUND Postmastectomy breast reconstruction increased approximately 20% between 1998 and 2008 in the United States and has been found to improve body image, self-esteem, and quality of life. These procedures, however, tend to be less common among minority women, which may be due to variations in health care access. The Department of Defense provides(More)