Learn More
Investigated the validity of the Child-Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale-Revised (CAMPIS-R) using multiple concurrent objective and subjective measures of child distress, approach-avoidance behavior, fear, pain, child cooperation, and parents' perceived ability to help their preschool children during routine immunizations. Parents', staffs', and(More)
Infant procedural distress is largely understudied, and there is a dearth of empirically supported interventions in the child health psychology literature. This study examined nurse-directed distraction for reducing infant immunization distress. Ninety infants and their parents were randomly assigned to a distraction condition (i.e., nurses used stimuli to(More)
OBJECTIVE Given concerns about use of psychotropic medication during pregnancy, the authors reviewed the literature regarding the effects of prenatal exposure to psychotropic medications on fetal outcome. METHOD A MEDLINE search of all articles written in English from 1966 to 1995 was performed to review information on the effects of psychotropic drug use(More)
This study compared distraction, an anesthetic (eutectic mixture of local anesthetics [EMLA]), and typical care during pediatric immunizations. Participants were 39 4th graders receiving a 3-injection vaccination series over a 6-month period. Children displayed low distress despite reporting moderate anxiety and pain. Distraction resulted in more nurse(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of two pediatric venipuncture distress-management distraction strategies that differed in the degree to which they required children's interaction. METHODS Eighty-eight 1- to 7-year-old children receiving venipuncture were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: interactive toy distraction, passive movie(More)
In chronic pain treatment, a primary goal is reduced disability. It is often assumed that a central process by which disability reduction occurs is pain reduction. Conversely, approaches such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) posit that pain reduction is not necessary for reduced disability. Instead, disability reduction occurs when responses to(More)
This study evaluated the concurrent and construct validity of the Child-Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale-Short Form (CAMPIS-SF), a behavior rating scale of children's acute procedural distress and coping, and the coping promoting behaviors and distress promoting behaviors of their parents and the medical personnel who were present in the medical(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct an evidence-based review of pediatric pain measures. METHODS Seventeen measures were examined, spanning pain intensity self-report, questionnaires and diaries, and behavioral observations. Measures were classified as "Well-established," "Approaching well-established," or "Promising" according to established criteria. Information was(More)
This qualitative focus group study explored perceptions of stigma in HIV-seropositive women. The sample included 19 HIV-positive women who participated in one of four focus group sessions. Participants were asked to talk about and describe their perceptions of how others think about and respond to them and other HIV-infected individuals. Content analysis(More)
The pain associated with immunizations is a source of anxiety and distress for the children receiving the immunizations, their parents, and the providers who must administer them. Preparation of the child before the procedure seems to reduce anxiety and subsequent pain. The limited available data suggest that intramuscular administration of immunizations(More)