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Plans by the space program to use plants for food supply and environmental regeneration have led to an examination of how plants grow in microgravity. Because secondary metabolic compounds are so important in determining the nutritional and flavor characteristics of plants-as well as making plants more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses-their(More)
BACKGROUND BAHD acyltransferases are involved in the synthesis and elaboration of a wide variety of secondary metabolites. Previous research has shown that characterized proteins from this family fall broadly into five major clades and contain two conserved protein motifs. Here, we aimed to expand the understanding of BAHD acyltransferase diversity in(More)
MOTIVATION The pre-estimate of the proportion of null hypotheses (π(0)) plays a critical role in controlling false discovery rate (FDR) in multiple hypothesis testing. However, hidden complex dependence structures of many genomics datasets distort the distribution of p-values, rendering existing π(0) estimators less effective. RESULTS From the basic(More)
Chemical(s) Calcium chloride (CaCl 2), liquid nitrogen (LN 2). Specific Hazards referred to MSDSs for more detailed information CaCl 2 is hazardous as a skin/eye/respiratory irritant and may cause burns. It may also irritate or burn the digestive tract if swallowed. May cause cardiac disturbances. Reaction with water evolves heat. LN 2 is a simple(More)
" Even those of the younger generation realize that within their time the feeling of the people toward botany as a science and botany applied has changed greatly for the good of the work. I believe this is due to the fact that the utilitarian side of botany has been kept largely in the foreground, and the people have come to know and understand that a(More)
Despite the importance of wild rice (Zizania palustris) in the Great Lakes region of North America, its sensitivity to sulfate is not well understood. A 21-d hydroponic experiment was performed to determine the toxicity of sulfate to wild rice seeds and seedlings. Effects of 6 sulfate concentrations ranging from 10 mg/L to 5000 mg/L and of chloride salts at(More)
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