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Positron emission tomography with 18F-deoxyglucose was used to evaluate regional brain glucose metabolism in eight normal subjects and eight psychiatric patients with a history of repetitive violent behavior. Seven of the patients showed widespread areas of low brain metabolism. Although the location of the abnormal regions varied among patients, they(More)
delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) was administered in a crossover design by smoking and IV injection to groups of heavy and light users of marihuana. Plasma concentrations of delta 9-THC were similar for the groups after IV injection of 5.0 mg delta 9-THC, but the AUC0-240 min showed a trend towards lower values for the heavy user group. To achieve(More)
To determine whether there is an association between prolactin (PRL) levels and psychopathology or tardive dyskinesia during neuroleptic treatment, we measured plasma prolactin levels and neuroleptic activity (NA) in 33 chronically treated male schizophrenics. Neuroleptic dose, plasma NA, and PRL were significantly intercorrelated. Plasma PRL levels were(More)
Despite the widespread abuse of marijuana, knowledge about its effects in the human brain is limited. Brain glucose metabolism with and without delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (main psychoactive component of marijuana) was evaluated in eight normal subjects and eight chronic marijuana abusers with positron emission tomography. At baseline, marijuana(More)
Nineteen normal male subjects received 1.0 milligram of physostigmine or 1.0 milligram of saline by a slow intravenous infusion on two nonconsecutive days. Physostigmine significantly enhanced storage of information into long-term memory. Retrieval of information from long-term memory was also improved. Short-term memory processes were not significantly(More)
Naltrexone was given to ten opiate-free volunteer subjects following the same dosage schedule used for initiating treatment of opiate-dependent persons. During the three-week initiation period, three subjects dropped from the study owing to aversive effects of the drug. The remaining seven subjects reported similar unpleasant but tolerable effects. A(More)
Physostigmine was given intravenously to a total dose of 3 mg to 13 subjects; a placebo of 0.25 N saline was given intravenously to 10 other subjects; both groups received 1 mg of methscopolamine bromide subcutaneously preceding the intravenous infusions. A "physostigmine syndrome" consisting of decreased speech, slowed thoughts, mild sedation,(More)
To determine whether depression and neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism confound the clinical assessment of negative symptoms in schizophrenics, we evaluated 45 outpatient schizophrenics for depression, parkinsonian symptoms, and negative symptoms using standard clinical rating scales. Neuroleptic and anticholinergic dose and plasma activity were also(More)
We investigated the effects of acute i.v. administration of 2 mg of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on regional brain glucose metabolism using 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose and positron emission tomography (PET) in eight normal subjects. Subjects were tested twice: during baseline conditions and 30-40 min after THC administration. Changes in global(More)