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Positron emission tomography with 18F-deoxyglucose was used to evaluate regional brain glucose metabolism in eight normal subjects and eight psychiatric patients with a history of repetitive violent behavior. Seven of the patients showed widespread areas of low brain metabolism. Although the location of the abnormal regions varied among patients, they(More)
Naltrexone was given to ten opiate-free volunteer subjects following the same dosage schedule used for initiating treatment of opiate-dependent persons. During the three-week initiation period, three subjects dropped from the study owing to aversive effects of the drug. The remaining seven subjects reported similar unpleasant but tolerable effects. A(More)
To determine whether there is an association between prolactin (PRL) levels and psychopathology or tardive dyskinesia during neuroleptic treatment, we measured plasma prolactin levels and neuroleptic activity (NA) in 33 chronically treated male schizophrenics. Neuroleptic dose, plasma NA, and PRL were significantly intercorrelated. Plasma PRL levels were(More)
delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) was administered in a crossover design by smoking and IV injection to groups of heavy and light users of marihuana. Plasma concentrations of delta 9-THC were similar for the groups after IV injection of 5.0 mg delta 9-THC, but the AUC0-240 min showed a trend towards lower values for the heavy user group. To achieve(More)
Despite the widespread abuse of marijuana, knowledge about its effects in the human brain is limited. Brain glucose metabolism with and without delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (main psychoactive component of marijuana) was evaluated in eight normal subjects and eight chronic marijuana abusers with positron emission tomography. At baseline, marijuana(More)
The authors treated 11 treatment-resistant schizophrenic patients with steadily increasing doses of haloperidol to determine the therapeutic range of plasma concentrations in such patients. Six patients responded, usually within a few weeks of treatment and at doses of 50 mg/day or less; plasma concentrations ranged between 17 and 42 ng/ml. Five patients(More)
Nineteen normal male subjects received 1.0 milligram of physostigmine or 1.0 milligram of saline by a slow intravenous infusion on two nonconsecutive days. Physostigmine significantly enhanced storage of information into long-term memory. Retrieval of information from long-term memory was also improved. Short-term memory processes were not significantly(More)
The authors measured serum neuroleptic activity and serum prolactin levels in 26 schizophrenic outpatients on prolonged neuroleptic therapy. Of the 24 patients, 11 had moderate to severe tardive dyskinesia, as assessed by the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS). AIMS scores were positively correlated with age, duration of illness, and negative(More)