Learn More
We assessed segmental and global left ventricular (LV) diastolic function via tissue-Doppler imaging (TDI) as well as Doppler flow variables before and after a marathon race to extend our knowledge of exercise-induced changes in cardiac function. Twenty-nine subjects (age 18-62 year) volunteered to participate and were assessed pre- and post-race.(More)
The objectives of this longitudinal study were to determine the prevalence of smoking among primary school children in Liverpool, and to identify the predictors of experimentation with cigarettes during pre-adolescence. A cohort of children (n = 270) completed questionnaires that elicited patterns of child smoking behaviour and children's experiences of(More)
The number of exercise referral schemes expanded rapidly across the UK during the 1990s. Health professionals are thought to be one of the most credible sources of health advice for patients and, hence, are thought to have a pivotal role to play in exercise referral schemes. The aim of the study was to investigate the exercise referral process from the(More)
This review critically explores the development, impact and evaluation of exercise referral schemes (ERS) in the UK. A rapid expansion in the use of such ERSs has been recorded throughout leisure and primary care settings, but the evidence underpinning their implementation has been sparse and predominantly limited to randomized control trial (RCT) research(More)
This paper suggests that there is a need, as early as Reception, to implement smoking intervention programmes in the local school curriculum. Findings from a cross-sectional study have shown that primary schoolchildren (4-8 years old) possess negative attitudes and beliefs about smoking, have as yet to establish regular patterns of smoking behaviour, and(More)
BACKGROUND Sedentary behaviour is a public health priority in many countries. Hundreds of community-based exercise referral schemes have been established in Europe and USA, to increase physical activity. Experimental evidence questions the effectiveness of these schemes. No previous evaluations have considered a population approach nor provide detailed(More)
Establishing effective toothbrushing routines using fluoridated toothpaste in infancy has been suggested as important to dental health throughout childhood and into adulthood. However, previous studies have revealed a number of potential barriers to, and facilitators of caregivers ability to establish early dyadic toothbrushing routines with pre-schoolers.(More)
Although the risks smoking poses to health are now well known, many young people continue to take up the habit. While numerous cross-sectional studies of adolescents have identified correlates of smoking initiation, much less prospective, longitudinal research has been conducted with young children to gather their accounts of early experiences of smoking,(More)
BACKGROUND A growing body of evidence advocates a multidisciplinary, family-focused approach to childhood obesity management, but there is a need to explore familial factors associated with intervention success. AIM This study explored the relationship between adult BMI change and child BMI SDS change following completion of a community-based, lifestyle(More)