Lindsey A. Carr

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The mesolimbic system of the brain has been shown to be involved in the reward properties of a number of agents. It is possible that release of monoamines by nicotine in this brain area could be related to the pleasurable aspects related to cigarette smoking. In this investigation, the effect of nicotine on the release of [3H]dopamine in the nucleus(More)
Platelet uptake and content of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity, and plasma free and total tryptophan levels were determined in patients diagnosed with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and in control subjects. The Vmax of 5-HT uptake and 5-HT content in platelets of PMS patients were significantly decreased during the(More)
Exposure to cigarette smoke has been found to attenuate the reduction in striatal dopamine levels caused by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in mice and to inhibit monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity in brain tissue. To confirm whether specific smoke constituents which have been reported to protect against MPTP toxicity were responsible for(More)
The mechanisms by which the brain dopamine neuronal transporter is regulated by chronic alteration of dopamine transmission are not well understood. It has been shown previously that chronic inhibition of dopamine synthesis decreases dopamine transporter (DAT) density and function. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether these effects(More)
Adult female rats received daily oral doses of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC), delta 8-THC and cannabidiol (CBD) throughout gestation and lactation. The offspring were sacrificed at various ages and tissue samples of cerebral cortex and striatum were assayed for alpha 1-adrenergic and D2-dopaminergic receptors, respectively. In addition,(More)
To determine whether the attenuation of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neurotoxicity by tobacco smoke exposure is caused by inhibition of the neuronal uptake of 4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), various tobacco components and a smoke extract were tested for inhibitory activity in striatal synaptosomes. A dimethylsulfoxide extract(More)
Release of prolactin from the anterior pituitary can be induced by a variety of neuronal and hormonal stimuli, including suckling and estrogen. To determine whether noradrenergic neurons in the central nervous system mediate the response to either of these stimuli, norepinephrine synthesis was inhibited by diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC; 50 mg/kg). When(More)
Nicotine was administered acutely and subchronically (14 days) to determine whether various synaptic mechanisms are selectively altered in the nigrostriatal and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems in the rat. When added to tissue preparations in vitro, nicotine had no effects on tyrosine hydroxylase, synaptosomal uptake of [3H]dopamine or binding of(More)
Adult female rats were chronically treated with nicotine administered via the drinking water during pregnancy and/or lactation. The approximate doses of nicotine consumed per day were 2.4 mg/kg and 4.5 mg/kg of body weight. The pups were weaned at 20 days of age. The pups were killed by decapitation on postnatal days 20, 30, or 40 and plasma from(More)