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SJL mice are highly susceptible to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induced with myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) peptide 139-151, whereas H-2 congenic B10.S mice are resistant. Immunodominance and susceptibility to EAE are associated with a high precursor frequency of PLP 139-151-specific T cells in the naive repertoire of SJL mice. To(More)
The autoreactive T cells that escape central tolerance and form the peripheral self-reactive repertoire determine both susceptibility to autoimmune disease and the epitope dominance of a specific autoantigen. SJL (H-2(s)) mice are highly susceptible to the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) with myelin proteolipid protein (PLP).(More)
Macrophages are rapidly conditioned by cognate and soluble signals to acquire phenotypes that deliver specific functions during inflammation, wound healing and angiogenesis. Whether inhibitory CD200R signaling regulates pro-angiogenic macrophage phenotypes with the potential to suppress ocular neovascularization is unknown. CD200R-deficient bone marrow(More)
Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) is a key mediator of inflammation and plays a crucial role during the early phase of a host's defence against bacterial, viral and parasitic infections. Persistent production of TNFα occurs in many autoimmune inflammatory diseases, including uveitis, and this is associated with significant tissue damage. Although uveitis(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) serves as an animal model for human uveitis. EAU is inducible in animals by peripheral immunization with proteins found in the retina that triggers an immune response which leads to tissue damage. This is coordinated by autoantigen specific CD4(+) T cells whose activation is accompanied by the infiltration of a(More)
IFN-gamma stimulates macrophage activation and NO production, which leads to destruction of the retina in experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis. In this study, we investigate the mechanism of disease resistance in TNF p55 receptor-deficient animals. We show that although T cell priming is relatively unaffected, macrophages lacking the TNF p55 receptor fail(More)
PURPOSE EAU is an established preclinical model for assessment of immunotherapeutic efficacy toward translation of therapy for posterior uveitis. Reliable screening of clinical features that correlate with underlying retinal changes and damage has not been possible to date. This study was undertaken to describe, validate, and correlate topical endoscopic(More)
The eye, as currently viewed, is neither immunologically ignorant nor sequestered from the systemic environment. The eye utilises distinct immunoregulatory mechanisms to preserve tissue and cellular function in the face of immune-mediated insult; clinically, inflammation following such an insult is termed uveitis. The intra-ocular inflammation in uveitis(More)
We previously generated a panel of T helper cell 1 (Th1) clones specific for an encephalitogenic peptide of myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) peptide 139-151 (HSLGKWLGHPDKF) that induces experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) upon adoptive transfer. In spite of the differences in their T cell receptor (TCR) gene usage, all these Th1 clones required(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the efficacy of the B subunit of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (EtxB) in the treatment of ocular autoimmune disease. Murine experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is an animal model of autoimmune posterior uveitis initiated by retinal antigen-specific Th1 and Th17 CD4(+) T cells, which activate myeloid cells, inducing(More)