Lindsay C. Richards

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The purpose of this study was to determine whether rugae patterns change with age and to compare the number and pattern of rugae in Australian Aborigines with those of Caucasians. For the longitudinal part of the study, serial dental casts of ten Aborigines, from 6 to 20 years of age, were examined and rugae patterns were recorded. To enable comparisons to(More)
In rodents, the position of a fetus in utero is associated with the expression of sexually dimorphic traits. This phenomenon has been explained by prenatal diffusion of sex hormones among litter mates. To test for such effects in humans, female-male twin pairs provide a natural experiment. The size of dental crowns is a sexually dimorphic trait which can be(More)
OBJECTIVE In addition to its role as a remineralizing agent in preventing dental caries, calcium product (CPP-ACP) delivered as a mousse (Tooth Mousse, TM) can reduce erosion of enamel and dentine. The aim of this study was to determine whether CPP-ACP could also reduce erosive tooth wear involving toothbrush abrasion. METHODS Flat, polished enamel and(More)
Dental attrition scores from two distinct Australian Aboriginal populations were compared by principal axis analysis. The first group was composed of members of the Narrinyeri group who occupied the river basin and mouth of the River Murray. The second group consisted of members of the Kaurna tribe who occupied the coastal plain to the west of the(More)
The oral health of the Indigenous community in South Australia's mid-north has been a concern for some years. There has been a history of under-utilisation of available dental services by the local community. This is in part due to the services not meeting their cultural and holistic health care needs. The Indigenous community resolved to establish a(More)
Molecular studies indicate that epigenetic events are important in determining how the internal enamel epithelium folds during odontogenesis. Since this process of folding leads to the subsequent arrangement of cusps on molar teeth, we hypothesized that intercuspal distances of human molar teeth would display greater phenotypic variation but lower(More)
Abrasion is the type of wear produced on the tooth by the friction of exogenous material forced over the surface by incisive, masticatory and grasping functions. It is one of the four common processes that have affected the morphology of newly erupted teeth from the time they first evolved millions of years ago. While some observers have regarded tooth(More)
Our understanding of tooth eruption in humans remains incomplete. We hypothesized that genetic factors contribute significantly to phenotypic variation in the emergence of primary incisors. We applied model-fitting to data from Australian twins to quantify contributions of genetic and environmental factors to variation in timing of the emergence of human(More)
We have compared 10 occlusal traits in 358 monozygous and dizygous twin pairs in 4 different samples and estimated genetic variances for these features. Variable and frequently nonsignificant genetic variance was noted across samples for incisal overbite and overjet, sagittal molar relationship, posterior crossbite, and rotations and displacements of(More)
Our studies of the teeth and faces of Australian twins commenced at the School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide in the early 1980s. There are now over 900 pairs of twins enrolled in our continuing investigations, together with 1200 relatives. There are 3 main cohorts of participants. The first cohort comprises around 300 pairs of teenage twins for(More)