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SJL mice are highly susceptible to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induced with myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) peptide 139-151, whereas H-2 congenic B10.S mice are resistant. Immunodominance and susceptibility to EAE are associated with a high precursor frequency of PLP 139-151-specific T cells in the naive repertoire of SJL mice. To(More)
Detection of autoreactive T cells using MHC II tetramers is difficult because of the low affinity of their TCR. We have generated a class II tetramer using the IA(s) class II molecule combined with an autoantigenic peptide from myelin proteolipid protein (PLP; PLP(139-151)) and used it to analyze myelin PLP(139-151)-reactive T cells. Using monomers and(More)
In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induced with myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) peptide 139-151, we have previously shown that the disease is mediated by Th1 cells, which recognize tryptophan 144 as the primary TCR contact point. Here we describe an altered peptide ligand (APL), generated by a single amino acid substitution (tryptophan to(More)
The autoreactive T cells that escape central tolerance and form the peripheral self-reactive repertoire determine both susceptibility to autoimmune disease and the epitope dominance of a specific autoantigen. SJL (H-2(s)) mice are highly susceptible to the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) with myelin proteolipid protein (PLP).(More)
Cross-reactivity with environmental antigens has been postulated as a mechanism responsible for the induction of autoimmune disease. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease model inducible in susceptible strains of laboratory animals by immunization with protein constituents of myelin. We used myelin proteolipid(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is induced in the SJL/J mouse by adoptive transfer of activated proteolipid protein peptide (PLP) 139-151-specific Th1 cells. T cells responding to altered peptide ligands (APL) of PLP, previously shown to induce Th2 differentiation and regulate disease in PLP-immunized mice, do not transfer EAE. However, the(More)
We have previously shown that naive SJL (H-2(s)) mice, which are highly susceptible to myelin proteolipid protein (PLP)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), have a very high frequency (1/20,000 CD4 T cells) of PLP(139-151)-reactive T cells in the naive repertoire. In this study, we examine the function of this endogenous(More)
We have characterized four murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the extracellular domain of the human TSH receptor (TSH-R.E), the target autoantigen of Graves' disease. Recombinant TSH-R.E used as immunogen, was produced in E. coli as a fusion protein with glutathione-S-transferase or in a baculovirus-insect cell system, as a non-fusion glycoprotein. To(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of the demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis. In EAE cytokines play a critical role in defining the Th1 or Th2 nature of the autoantigen directed immune response, and in propagating and regulating inflammation within the central nervous system. In this review we summarize some of the(More)
Macrophages are rapidly conditioned by cognate and soluble signals to acquire phenotypes that deliver specific functions during inflammation, wound healing and angiogenesis. Whether inhibitory CD200R signaling regulates pro-angiogenic macrophage phenotypes with the potential to suppress ocular neovascularization is unknown. CD200R-deficient bone marrow(More)