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OBJECTIVE Schizophrenic patients are particularly deficient on measures of executive functioning, notably the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of a cuing strategy in facilitating performance on this cognitive measure of the integrity of prefrontal brain structures and functioning. METHOD Twenty-four(More)
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) conducts surveys with probability-based complex sample designs to produce estimates of health conditions, vital statistics, medical establishment characteristics, disparities in health status, and use of health care by race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other population traits in the United States.(More)
Schizophrenia is often characterized by compromised neuropsychological functioning, especially on tasks sensitive to frontal and temporohippocampal functions but the extent to which cognitive dysfunction can be modified in schizophrenics remains unclear. Twenty-four inpatient schizophrenics and 24 intellectually and demographically matched, inpatient(More)
We demonstrate that Drosophila melanogaster provides a rich model system for studying behavioral development. Two additions to the many well-known advantages of this species are exploited here. First, as in mammals and higher vertebrates, early experience affects behavioral development of Drosophila. Second, the affected behaviors are complex and yet(More)
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