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OBJECTIVE This article discusses theoretical, psychometric, and practical considerations of quality of life assessment in older adults with cognitive impairment. It describes a new measure of quality of life in dementia, the QOL-AD, and examines the reliability and validity of patient and caregiver reports of patient quality of life. METHODS Subjects were(More)
The Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist (RMBPC), a 24-item, caregiver-report measure of observable behavioral problems in dementia patients, provides 1 total score and 3 subscale scores for patient problems (memory-related, depression, and disruptive behaviors) and parallel scores for caregiver reaction. Data were obtained from 201 geriatric(More)
Estimates suggest that there are more than 10 million adult caregivers of persons with dementia, two-thirds of who experience some form of sleep disturbance during the course of their caregiving career. Health care professionals are in the best position to detect and address this significant public health problem. Three major contributors to caregiver sleep(More)
BACKGROUND Older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are at higher risk for developing Alzheimer disease. Physical performance decline on gait and mobility tasks in conjunction with executive dysfunction has implications for accelerated functional decline, disability, and institutionalization in sedentary older adults with aMCI. (More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association of serum total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and subsequent incidence of dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD) in a population-based cohort study. METHODS A cohort of cognitively intact persons, aged 65 and older, was randomly selected from Group Health Cooperative (GHC), a large health(More)
Although sleep problems are common among dementia caregivers, there has been no research thus far describing treatment of such problems using behavioral techniques. In this study, 36 elderly dementia caregivers with disturbed sleep were randomly assigned to either a brief behavioral intervention or a wait list control. The active treatment consisted of(More)
BACKGROUND Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a neuropathologic finding characterized by neuronal loss and gliosis in the CA-1 and subiculum of the hippocampus. Previous studies of HS have shown that this is a common postmortem finding in elderly subjects with dementia. However, these studies were from selected samples and therefore are not necessarily(More)
This study examined the frequency, predictors, and impact of sleep problems in a population-based sample of 205 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Sleeping more than usual and early morning awakenings were the most common sleep problems reported but were the least disturbing behaviors for caregivers. Night-time awakenings were less common but were most(More)
Behavioral problems are thought to be pervasive and devastating to patients with dementia of the Alzheimer's type and their families. Despite this, little empirical data are available concerning the nature of such impairments, their rate of occurrence or their relationship to the disease process. This study investigated 127 patients with a primary diagnosis(More)