Linda Tatro

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BACKGROUND Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is thought to be induced by decreasing intraesophageal pressure during obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, pressure changes in the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) pressure during OSA events have not been measured. The aim of this study was to determine UES and GEJ pressure(More)
The mechanism against entry of gastric content into the pharynx during high-intensity vocalization such as seen among professional singers is not known. We hypothesized that phonation-induced upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contraction enhances the pressure barrier against entry of gastroesophageal contents into pharynx. To determine and compare the effect(More)
The cingulate and insular cortices are parts of the limbic system that process and modulate gastrointestinal sensory signals. We hypothesized that sensitization of these two limbic area may operate in esophageal sensitization. Thus the objective of the study was to elucidate the neurocognitive processing in the cingulate and insular cortices to mechanical(More)
Sir, Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug used in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SLE and RA carry an increased cardiovascular morbidity andmortality risk because of the inflammatory nature of these diseases. While HCQ has been shown to lessen the cardiovascular risk associated(More)
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) is frequently associated with reflux events and terminates with a primary or secondary peristaltic wave. However, it is unclear whether the presence and properties of the refluxate affect TLESR-termination events. The aims of this study were to determine the pattern of terminating esophageal motor(More)
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