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The microO-conotoxins are an intriguing class of conotoxins targeting various voltage-dependent sodium channels and molluscan calcium channels. In the current study, we have shown MrVIA and MrVIB to be the first known peptidic inhibitors of the transient tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Na(+) current in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons, in addition to(More)
Mu-conotoxins are peptide inhibitors of voltage-sensitive sodium channels (VSSCs). Synthetic forms of mu-conotoxins PIIIA and PIIIA-(2-22) were found to inhibit tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive VSSC current but had little effect on TTX-resistant VSSC current in sensory ganglion neurons. In rat brain neurons, these peptides preferentially inhibited the(More)
OBJECTIVE Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is expressed in pre-adipocytes but its role is unknown. We investigated butyrate (a histone deacetylase inhibitor--HDACi) and other short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in the regulation of SDF-1. We further investigated whether effects of SCFA were signalled through G protein-coupled receptors FFA2 and FFA3. (More)
Mu-conotoxins are three-loop peptides produced by cone snails to inhibit voltage-gated sodium channels during prey capture. Using polymerase chain reaction techniques, we identified a gene sequence from the venom duct of Conus tulipa encoding a new mu-conotoxin-TIIIA (TIIIA). A 125I-TIIIA binding assay was established to isolate native TIIIA from the crude(More)
Mu-conotoxins are small peptide inhibitors of muscle and neuronal tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs). Here we report the isolation of mu-conotoxins SIIIA and SIIIB by (125)I-TIIIA-guided fractionation of milked Conus striatus venom. SIIIA and SIIIB potently displaced (125)I-TIIIA from native rat brain Na(v)1.2 (IC(50) values(More)
A peptide contained in the venom of the predatory marine snail Conus tulipa, rho-TIA, has previously been shown to possess alpha1-adrenoreceptor antagonist activity. Here, we further characterize its pharmacological activity as well as its structure-activity relationships. In the isolated rat vas deferens, rho-TIA inhibited alpha1-adrenoreceptor-mediated(More)
M anaging lawyers is like herding cats. " It turns out that the old saying is based on fact. I've been studying the personality traits of lawyers for the past twenty years, and have measured dozens of traits among thousands of lawyers. Research confirms that not only are lawyers highly autonomous, but they share quite a number of personality traits that(More)
μ-Conotoxins are peptide blockers of voltage-gated sodium channels (sodium channels), inhibiting tetrodotoxin-sensitive neuronal (Na(v) 1.2) and skeletal (Na(v) 1.4) subtypes with highest affinity. Structure-activity relationship studies of μ-conotoxins SIIIA, TIIIA, and KIIIA have shown that it is mainly the C-terminal part of the three-loop peptide that(More)