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BACKGROUND The Rho GTPases comprise one of the eight subfamilies of the Ras superfamily of monomeric GTP-binding proteins and are involved in cytoskeletal organization. Previously, using a dominant negative construct, we demonstrated a role for RhoC GTPase in conferring invasive capabilities to PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. Further, we demonstrated that(More)
Infection of host plants by Pseudomonas solanacerum results in wilting, which is thought to be due largely to the occlusion of xylem vessels by the P. solanacearum extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) that primarily consists of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc). By means of Tn3 mutagenesis, we identified a 6.5-kb gene cluster that contains five complementation(More)
The Rho GTPases organize the actin cytoskeleton and are involved in cancer metastasis. Previously, we demonstrated that RhoC GTPase was required for PC-3 prostate cancer cell invasion. Targeted down-regulation of RhoC led to sustained activation of Rac1 GTPase and morphological, molecular and phenotypic changes reminiscent of epithelial to mesenchymal(More)
We have investigated a tyrosine kinase activity from Pseudomonas solanacearum, an economically important plant pathogen. In vitro incubation of membrane fractions with [gamma-32P]ATP and subsequent sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed an 85-kDa phosphoprotein. Phosphorylation of this protein on tyrosine residues was(More)
Bacterial cell surface components can be important determinants of virulence. At least three gene clusters important for extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) biosynthesis have been previously identified in the plant pathogen Pseudomonas solanacearum. We have found that one of these gene clusters, named ops, is also required for lipopolysaccharide (LPS)(More)
When Pseudomonas solanacearum K60 carries a multicopy plasmid containing cosmid clone pE6C (from the wild-type strain K60) or pBE6 (from the nonpathogenic strain B1), several phenotypic changes are observed, including the following: loss of virulence, reduced extracellular polysaccharide production, and increased polygalacturonase activity. Both cosmids(More)
Nearly 85% of the men who will die of prostate cancer (PCa) have skeletal metastases present. The ability of PCa cells to interact with the microenvironment determines the success of the tumor cell to form metastatic lesions. The ability to bind to human bone marrow endothelial (HBME) cells and undergo transendothelial cell migration are key steps in(More)
Pseudomonas solanacearum, the causal agent of bacterial wilt, has been classified into three races based on host range and into five biovars based on physiological properties. Strains of race 3 belong exclusively to biovar 2 and primarily affect potatoes. Although this race is thought to have originated in the Andean highlands, it has unusual physiological(More)
Several Pseudomonas solanacearum strains which produced no detectable extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) in planta had been reported to remain highly virulent when tested at high inoculum concentrations (P. Xu, M. Iwata, S. Leong, and L. Sequeira, J. Bacteriol. 172:3946-3951, 1990; P. Xu, S. Leong, and L. Sequeira, J. Bacteriol. 170:617-622, 1988). Two of(More)