Linda Scarabelli

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There is strong evidence that thyroid hormones through triiodothyronine (T3) regulate Sertoli cell proliferation and differentiation in the neonatal testis. However, the mechanism(s) by which they are able to control Sertoli cell proliferation is unclear. In the present study in vivo approaches (PTU-induced neonatal hypothyroidism known to affect Sertoli(More)
Interference between heavy metals and growth hormone (GH) on cell signaling has been previously demonstrated in fish cells. This study was aimed at assessing their effects on expression of the metallothionein isoforms MT-A and MT-B. The results indicate that all heavy metals induce MT-A more markedly than MT-B, but differences appeared when metals were(More)
The effect of growth hormone (GH) and cadmium (Cd) on metallothionein (MT) expression was investigated in hepatoma cells. In fish the constitutive isoform MT-B and the metal-responsive MT-A are expressed. Real-time RT-PCR revealed that: Cd up-regulates mostly MT-A, GH slightly induces MT-B and the GH/Cd combination induces synergistically both MTs.(More)
Hormonal changes in humans during spaceflight have been demonstrated but the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. To clarify this point thyroid and testis/epididymis, both regulated by anterior pituitary gland, have been analyzed on long-term space-exposed male C57BL/10 mice, either wild type or pleiotrophin transgenic, overexpressing osteoblast(More)
Two distinct and contemporaneous adsorption mechanisms occur when serum proteins are incubated with chrysotile and crocidolite. The first one appears to be reversible and nonspecific, independent of the characteristics of the protein and the fiber surface. The second process seems to depend on fiber type and to involve only some protein species that are(More)
The exposure of rats to a feeding regimen containing N-2-acetylaminofluorene (2AAF) causes an accumulation of lesions on liver DNA and a progressive impairment in DNA repair capacity. We used the in vivo experimental model of Teebor and Becker (Cancer Res., 31:1-3, 1971) with the carcinogen given to rats during four consecutive cycles, each one composed of(More)
In previous studies we demonstrated that liver poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (pADPRP) activity was lost in animals exposed to N-2-acetylaminofluorene (2AAF) according to the Teebor and Becker experimental model (Cancer Res 31:1-3, 1971). In addition, we used the resistant hepatocyte model of Solt and Farber (Nature 263:702-703, 1976) to further investigate(More)
The possible involvement of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase [PARP; E.C.] in the adaptive response to low-g conditions was studied in cultured adult rat hepatocytes exposed to simulated microgravity produced by the random positioning machine (RPM-3D-clinostat). Four different poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) have been identified recently. The(More)
The nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase is involved in basic cellular processes such as DNA replication and repair, cell differentiation and transformation, gene expression. We have studied the effect of 2AAF, a genotoxic aromatic amine, on pADPRP activity during DNA synthesis stimulated by EGF, using the cultured rat hepatocytes model. DNA synthesis(More)
BACKGROUND Adipose tissue transplantation has the benefit of providing both regenerative and aesthetic outcomes in breast cancer treatment. However, the transplanted tissue can stimulate the growth of residual cancer cells. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to identify the interactions between adipose tissue cell subpopulations and human cancer cell(More)