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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In endothelial dysfunction, signalling by nitric oxide (NO) is impaired because of the oxidation and subsequent loss of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) haem. The sGC activator 4-[((4-carboxybutyl){2-[(4-phenethylbenzyl)oxy]phenethyl}amino)methyl[benzoic]acid (BAY 58-2667) is a haem-mimetic able to bind with high affinity to sGC(More)
OBJECTIVES The nitric oxide-soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)-cGMP signal transduction pathway is impaired in different cardiovascular diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and arterial hypertension. Riociguat is a novel stimulator of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). However, little is known about the effects of sGC stimulators in(More)
With more than half a billion individuals affected worldwide, obesity has reached pandemic proportions. Development of "brown-like" or "brite" adipocytes within white adipose tissue (WAT) has potential antiobesity and insulin-sensitizing effects. We investigated the role of cyclic GMP (cGMP) signaling, focusing on cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (PKGI) in(More)
Pex19p is required for the topogenesis of peroxisomal membrane proteins (PMPs). Here we have demonstrated that Pex19p is also required for the peroxisomal targeting and stability of Pex17p, a peripheral component of the docking complex of the peroxisomal protein import machinery. We have demonstrated that Pex17p is associated with the peroxisomal(More)
The ubiquitously expressed nitric oxide (NO) receptor soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) plays a key role in signal transduction. Binding of NO to the N-terminal prosthetic heme moiety of sGC results in approximately 200-fold activation of the enzyme and an increased conversion of GTP into the second messenger cGMP. sGC exists as a heterodimer the dimerization(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is specialized in energy expenditure, making it a potential target for anti-obesity therapies. Following exposure to cold, BAT is activated by the sympathetic nervous system with concomitant release of catecholamines and activation of β-adrenergic receptors. Because BAT therapies based on cold exposure or β-adrenergic agonists are(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) was previously regarded as a special type of fat relevant only for defending hibernating animals and newborns against a cold environment. Recently, BAT has received considerable attention following its (re)discovery in humans. Using glucose tracers, multiple laboratories independently found metabolically active BAT in adults. The(More)
The activating JAK2V617F mutation has been described in the majority of patients with BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). In this report, we characterize the small-molecule LS104 as a novel non-ATP-competitive JAK2 inhibitor: Treatment of JAK2V617F-positive cells with LS104 resulted in dose-dependent induction of apoptosis and inhibition of(More)
In cardiovascular disease, the protective NO/sGC/cGMP signalling-pathway is impaired due to a decreased pool of NO-sensitive haem-containing sGC accompanied by a reciprocal increase in NO-insensitive haem-free sGC. However, no direct method to detect cellular haem-free sGC other than its activation by the new therapeutic class of haem mimetics, such as BAY(More)
Obesity is characterized by a positive energy balance and expansion of white adipose tissue (WAT). In contrast, brown adipose tissue (BAT) combusts energy to produce heat. Here we show that a small molecule stimulator (BAY 41-8543) of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), which produces the second messenger cyclic GMP (cGMP), protects against diet-induced weight(More)