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Hand-assisted techniques facilitated dissemination of the laparoscopic approach in live kidney donors and addressed concerns regarding potential procedural complications. We report our experience with both standard and hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy in routine, complicated, and higher-risk donors. From July 1999 to September 2002, 47 donors(More)
For centuries, many cultures have described mythical creatures with bodies that combined human and animal features, often the result of violating taboos. This study attempted to investigate the beliefs of transplant patients about xenografting. A survey was given to 100 patients ranging in age from 17 to 74 years old, with 65 men and 35 women, including 72(More)
BACKGROUND Bleeding following liver resection continues to be a significant morbidity of the procedure. Fibrin sealants represent an improvement over conventional topical hemostatic agents, because they contain components that actively form clot. However, most available agents contain nonhuman protein, which represents an immunologic risk. HYPOTHESIS An(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and sirolimus (SRL) have been used for calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) minimization to reduce nephrotoxicity following liver transplantation. In this prospective, open-label, multicenter study, patients undergoing transplantation from July 2005 to June 2007 who were maintained on MMF/CNI were randomized 4 to 12 weeks after(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudoaneurysms of the extrahepatic arterial vasculature are relatively uncommon lesions following surgery and trauma. In this report we analyze the presentation, management and outcomes of these vascular lesions. Of the related surgical procedures, the reported incidence is highest following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We hereby analyze the(More)
Cancer stem cells (tumor-initiating stem-like cells: TISCs) are resistant to chemotherapy and are associated with metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is commonly observed in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients with obesity or alcohol abuse. However, it is unknown whether the TLR4-NANOG pathway serves as a universal oncogenic signaling in(More)
Acute liver failure has been reported as a frequent complication of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). We prospectively evaluated the adverse effects and biochemical changes of TACE. From 10/95 to 9/96, 35 patients with hepatic malignancies were evaluated for TACE. Fifteen patients (9 male and 6 female) received 23 treatments. Ten of 15 patients had(More)
Keeping a patient with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) alive until a donor liver is available for transplantation can be a problem. We describe an 18-year-old woman with paracetamol-induced FHF, who was treated by total hepatectomy, hypothermia, plasma exchange, and extracorporeal liver support. The patient was anhepatic for 14 h. The liver-support system(More)
BACKGROUND A study was performed by 17 different U.S. liver transplantation centers to determine the safety and efficacy of conversion from cyclosporine to tacrolimus for chronic allograft rejection. METHODS Ninety-one patients were converted to tacrolimus a mean of 319 days after liver transplantation. The indication for conversion was ongoing chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Celiac axis invasion by central and distal pancreatic cancers has been considered a contraindication to resection. Appleby first described en-bloc celiac axis resection with total gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. We present our experience with a modification of this procedure in central pancreatic cancers involving the celiac(More)