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BACKGROUND The spinal cord is an important site where volatile anesthetics decrease sensation and produce immobility. Beyond this knowledge, our understanding of a site of anesthetic action is limited. Previous evidence suggests that dorsal horn neurons with ascending projections may be more susceptible to depression by general anesthetics than local spinal(More)
BACKGROUND Anaesthetics blunt neuronal responses to noxious stimulation, including effects on electroencephalographic (EEG) responses. It is unclear how anaesthetics differ in their ability to modulate noxious stimulation-evoked EEG activation. We investigated the actions of propofol and halothane on EEG responses to noxious stimuli, including repetitive(More)
The degree to which dog owners complied with instructions to administer a 5 to 10 day course of antimicrobial medication to their pets was assessed using microprocessor based monitoring devices. Twenty two clients gave an average of 84% of prescribed doses of amoxycillin-clavulanate. No difference was found between twice and thrice daily dosing regimens in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous work demonstrated that isoflurane and halothane act on the spinal cord rather than on the brain to produce immobility in the face of noxious stimulation. These anesthetics share many effects on specific receptors, and thus do not test the broad applicability of the mediation of immobility by the cord. We sought to test such an(More)
Isoflurane and halothane cause electroencephalographic (EEG) depression and neuronal depression in the reticular formation, a site critical to consciousness. We hypothesized that isoflurane, more than halothane, would depress EEG activation elicited by electrical microstimulation of the reticular formation. Rats were anesthetized with either halothane or(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the hemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine in isoflurane-anesthetized cats. STUDY DESIGN Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS Six healthy adult female cats weighing 4.6 ± 0.8 kg. METHODS Dexmedetomidine was administered intravenously using target-controlled infusions to maintain nine plasma concentrations between 0 and 20(More)
Amphibians are commonly used in biomedical research, including studies of mechanisms of anaesthetic action. There is, however, little published work describing the kinetics of inhaled anaesthetic agents or the potency of isoflurane in amphibians. Ten Northern leopard frogs were exposed to a constant isoflurane concentration of 1.0%, 1.2% or 1.5% atm for 4(More)
Anesthesia is used widely in animal research, but there are diverse opinions regarding acceptable anesthetic depth. Excessive anesthesia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, researchers have been taught that animal movement during surgical and experimental procedures indicates that the animal is 'underanesthetized.' Complex(More)
UNLABELLED HISTORY AND PRESENTATION: A 12 year old, 4.2 kg, domestic long hair, castrated male cat was presented with regurgitation, inability to retract the claws, general weakness, cervical ventroflexion and weight loss. A thymic mass was evident on radiographs. Acetylcholine receptor antibody titer was positive for acquired myasthenia gravis (MG).(More)
We investigated whether propofol affected nociceptive behavior and fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) in the lumbo-sacral spinal cord after intraplantar formalin injection in wild-type (WT) mice and in mutant mice harboring a point mutation of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type(A) receptor, which renders them resistant to propofol. Bolus injection of propofol(More)