Linda S Barter

Learn More
Anesthesia is used widely in animal research, but there are diverse opinions regarding acceptable anesthetic depth. Excessive anesthesia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, researchers have been taught that animal movement during surgical and experimental procedures indicates that the animal is 'underanesthetized.' Complex(More)
Isoflurane and halothane cause electroencephalographic (EEG) depression and neuronal depression in the reticular formation, a site critical to consciousness. We hypothesized that isoflurane, more than halothane, would depress EEG activation elicited by electrical microstimulation of the reticular formation. Rats were anesthetized with either halothane or(More)
BACKGROUND The spinal cord is an important site where volatile anesthetics decrease sensation and produce immobility. Beyond this knowledge, our understanding of a site of anesthetic action is limited. Previous evidence suggests that dorsal horn neurons with ascending projections may be more susceptible to depression by general anesthetics than local spinal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the median effective dose (ED(50); equivalent to the minimum alveolar concentration [MAC]) of isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane for anesthesia in iguanas. ANIMALS 6 healthy adult green iguanas. PROCEDURE In unmedicated iguanas, anesthesia was induced and maintained with each of the 3 volatile drugs administered on separate(More)
BACKGROUND The minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of an inhaled anaesthetic describes its potency as a general anaesthetic. Individuals vary in their sensitivity to anaesthetics and we sought to determine whether an individual animal's sensitivity to inhaled anaesthetics would be maintained across different agents. METHODS Six female mongrel cats, age 2(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluating the effects of sub-immobilizing anesthetic doses on movement will identify target neural circuits for investigation as sites of action for anesthetic-induced immobility. METHODS Eleven pithed Northern Leopard frogs received 0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 times the 50% effective dose for production of immobility (ED(50)) of desflurane and a(More)
BACKGROUND Anaesthetics blunt neuronal responses to noxious stimulation, including effects on electroencephalographic (EEG) responses. It is unclear how anaesthetics differ in their ability to modulate noxious stimulation-evoked EEG activation. We investigated the actions of propofol and halothane on EEG responses to noxious stimuli, including repetitive(More)
Amphibians are commonly used in biomedical research, including studies of mechanisms of anaesthetic action. There is, however, little published work describing the kinetics of inhaled anaesthetic agents or the potency of isoflurane in amphibians. Ten Northern leopard frogs were exposed to a constant isoflurane concentration of 1.0%, 1.2% or 1.5% atm for 4(More)
The degree to which dog owners complied with instructions to administer a 5 to 10 day course of antimicrobial medication to their pets was assessed using microprocessor based monitoring devices. Twenty two clients gave an average of 84% of prescribed doses of amoxycillin-clavulanate. No difference was found between twice and thrice daily dosing regimens in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous work demonstrated that isoflurane and halothane act on the spinal cord rather than on the brain to produce immobility in the face of noxious stimulation. These anesthetics share many effects on specific receptors, and thus do not test the broad applicability of the mediation of immobility by the cord. We sought to test such an(More)