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BACKGROUND The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to provide information on cancer rates and trends in the United States. This year's report updates statistics on the 15 most(More)
Occupational data from 5 case-control studies in the United States involving 2,973 male cases and 3,210 controls were analyzed to estimate the percentage of lung cancer attributable to well-known and suspected lung carcinogens. The studies were conducted in areas heterogeneous in terms of industrial activities. The percentage of lung cancers attributable to(More)
We compared omeprazole and mephenytoin as probes for the CYP2C19 metabolic polymorphism. Single oral doses of omeprazole (20 mg) or mephenytoin (100 mg) were administered at least 1 week apart to 167 healthy volunteers. Mephenytoin metabolism was measured using the amount of 4'-hydroxymephenytoin and the S/R ratio of mephenytoin in an 8-hour urine(More)
The spatial scan statistic is commonly used for geographical disease cluster detection, cluster evaluation and disease surveillance. The most commonly used shape of the scanning window is circular. In this paper we explore an elliptic version of the spatial scan statistic, using a scanning window of variable location, shape (eccentricity), angle and size,(More)
A hospital-based, incident case-control study of pancreatic cancer was conducted between 1979 and 1983 in parallel with similarly designed studies of lung and stomach cancers in high-risk areas of Louisiana. To evaluate life-style practices, including diet, the authors pooled controls from the three studies, and then excluded subjects with diet-altering(More)
A case-control study in North Carolina involving 255 women with oral and pharyngeal cancer and 502 controls revealed that the exceptionally high mortality from this cancer among white women in the South is primarily related to chronic use of snuff. The relative risk associated with snuff dipping among white nonsmokers was 4.2 (95 per cent confidence limits,(More)
Debrisoquin oxidative phenotype is a determinant of pharmacologic response for many drugs. Poor and extensive metabolizers can be identified by the dextromethorphan metabolic ratio (dextromethorphan/dextrorphan). We developed and tested a method to determine debrisoquin phenotype on the basis of the metabolic ratio in saliva. Each of 62 normal volunteers(More)
BACKGROUND Area socioeconomic deprivation indices are widely used to monitor health disparities in Europe. However, such indices have not been used in cancer surveillance in the United States. We developed an area socioeconomic index to examine area socioeconomic patterns in all-cancer mortality among U.S. men between 1950 and 1998. METHODS Principal(More)
To determine the mode of inheritance of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), 367 relatives from 70 families with HC were studied by M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography (2-D echo). Inspection of individual family pedigrees suggested that HC was genetically transmitted in 39 pedigrees (56%) and probably sporadic in 31 (44%). Of the 39 pedigrees with(More)
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has published the estimated number of new cancer cases and deaths in the current year for the United States that are commonly used by cancer control planners and the media. The methods used to produce these estimates have changed over the years as data (incidence) and statistical models improved. In this paper we present a(More)