Learn More
BACKGROUND The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to provide information on cancer rates and trends in the United States. This year's report updates statistics on the 15 most(More)
The spatial scan statistic is commonly used for geographical disease cluster detection, cluster evaluation and disease surveillance. The most commonly used shape of the scanning window is circular. In this paper we explore an elliptic version of the spatial scan statistic, using a scanning window of variable location, shape (eccentricity), angle and size,(More)
A hospital-based, incident case-control study of pancreatic cancer was conducted between 1979 and 1983 in parallel with similarly designed studies of lung and stomach cancers in high-risk areas of Louisiana. To evaluate life-style practices, including diet, the authors pooled controls from the three studies, and then excluded subjects with diet-altering(More)
The National Center for Health Statistics, CDC, has produced an Atlas of United States Mortality which includes maps of rates for the leading causes of death in the United States for the period 1988-1992. As part of this project, many aspects of statistical mapping have been re-examined to maximize the atlas's effectiveness in conveying accurate mortality(More)
The power of human vision to synthesize information and recognize pattern is fundamental to the success of visualization as a scientific method. This same power can mislead investigators who use visualization to explore georeferenced data-if data reliability is not addressed directly in the visualization process. Here, we apply an integrated(More)
The association between employment in motor exhaust-related occupations and the risk for lung cancer was examined in 2,291 male cases of lung cancer and 2,570 controls in data pooled from three U.S. case control studies carried out by the National Cancer Institute between 1976 and 1983. Most analyses were limited to subjects providing direct, in-person(More)
Occupational data from 5 case-control studies in the United States involving 2,973 male cases and 3,210 controls were analyzed to estimate the percentage of lung cancer attributable to well-known and suspected lung carcinogens. The studies were conducted in areas heterogeneous in terms of industrial activities. The percentage of lung cancers attributable to(More)
We compared omeprazole and mephenytoin as probes for the CYP2C19 metabolic polymorphism. Single oral doses of omeprazole (20 mg) or mephenytoin (100 mg) were administered at least 1 week apart to 167 healthy volunteers. Mephenytoin metabolism was measured using the amount of 4'-hydroxymephenytoin and the S/R ratio of mephenytoin in an 8-hour urine(More)
A case-control study in North Carolina involving 255 women with oral and pharyngeal cancer and 502 controls revealed that the exceptionally high mortality from this cancer among white women in the South is primarily related to chronic use of snuff. The relative risk associated with snuff dipping among white nonsmokers was 4.2 (95 per cent confidence limits,(More)
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has published the estimated number of new cancer cases and deaths in the current year for the United States that are commonly used by cancer control planners and the media. The methods used to produce these estimates have changed over the years as data (incidence) and statistical models improved. In this paper we present a(More)