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BACKGROUND Death within 90 days after total hip replacement is rare but might be avoidable dependent on patient and treatment factors. We assessed whether a secular decrease in death caused by hip replacement has occurred in England and Wales and whether modifiable perioperative factors exist that could reduce deaths. METHODS We took data about hip(More)
The relation of low birth weight to psychosocial stress in pregnancy was examined using a life events inventory and a state anxiety index. Two hundred and fifty women were randomly selected and interviewed three times during pregnancy and shortly after delivery. Twenty six were excluded. Of the remaining 224 women, nine miscarried, 195 had healthy term(More)
The efficacy of allografting in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is heavily influenced by remission status at the time of transplant. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based minimal residual disease (MRD) analysis, we have investigated retrospectively the impact of submicroscopic leukemia on outcome in 64 patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow(More)
The kinematics of the wrist and a manipulated object were studied in a posting task in 30 control, eight hemiplegic and 10 diplegic children. Statistical analyses using 'mixed' models examined the effects of subject group, hand, object shape and repeated trials, together with all possible interaction terms. During transport to the posting hole, the number(More)
A shape-posting task was studied in 30 control, eight hemiplegic and 10 diplegic children, to determine how differences in object manipulation between such children could be quantified. Conical, cylindrical and triangular-shaped objects were posted through a hole in a perspex screen, three times each with both preferred and non-preferred hands. Four(More)
Background and purpose — There have recently been highly publicized examples of suboptimal outcomes with some newer implant designs used for total hip replacement. This has led to calls for tighter regulation. However, surgeons do not always adhere to the regulations already in place and often use implants from different manufacturers together to replace a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether modifying eating behaviour with use of a feedback device facilitates weight loss in obese adolescents. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial with 12 month intervention. SETTING Hospital based obesity clinic. PARTICIPANTS 106 newly referred obese young people aged 9-17. INTERVENTIONS A computerised device, Mandometer,(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the risk factors for early death after knee replacement could help to reduce the risk of mortality after this procedure. We assessed secular trends in death within 45 days of knee replacement for osteoarthritis in England and Wales, with the aim of investigating whether any change that we recorded could be explained by alterations(More)
Anxiety symptoms are commonly described in children with chronic fatigue syndrome or myalgic encephalopathy (CFS/ME) but to date there has been little information on the type of anxiety children experience or the relationship between anxiety and school attendance, disability or fatigue. The aim of this study was to first describe the prevalence and type of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate overnight variations in absolute values and patterns of cytokines including interleukin 6 (IL6) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to relate any changes to those occurring in blood cortisol. METHODS A total of 16 people (8 female) with active RA and who had received no recent(More)