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In four-stroke apparent motion displays, pattern elements oscillate between two adjacent positions and synchronously reverse in contrast, but appear to move unidirectionally. For example, if rightward shifts preserve contrast but leftward shifts reverse contrast, consistent rightward motion is seen. In conventional first-order displays, elements reverse in(More)
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Recent research indicates that the early stages of visual-motion analysis involve two parallel neural pathways, one conveying information from luminance-defined (first-order) image features, the other conveying information from texture-defined (second-order) features. It is still not clear whether these two pathways converge during later stages of global(More)
A series of experiments measured direction discrimination in two-frame random block kinematograms. Blocks were presented against a uniform grey background, and were filled either with uniform grey (darker or brighter than the background; first-order blocks) or with random microtexture (isoluminant with the background; second-order blocks). Experiment 1(More)
Older (age 60-75) and younger adults (age 20-35) participated in a within-subject experiment. All participants were given four lists of 17 items, a recall test followed each list. Each participant was given a separate list under each of the following conditions, at the rate of 1 item every 10 s. (1) control: list of nouns; (2) visual-only: visually shown(More)
Effective health advocacy is a priority for efforts to increase population participation in physical activity. Local councils are an important audience for this advocacy. The aim of the current study was to describe features of advocacy for active transport via submissions to city council annual plans in New Zealand, and the impact of an information sheet(More)
BACKGROUND Effective advocacy is an important part of efforts to increase population participation in physical activity. Research about effective health advocacy is scarce, however, the health sector can learn from the experiences and knowledge of community advocates and those who are on the receiving end of this advocacy. The aim of this study is to(More)
A three-phased study was conducted in order to develop a standardized list of touch-related adjectives. The final list consisted of 306 words that were categorized in 440 instances according to the Lederman and Klatzky (1987, 1990) dimensions of haptic properties (some words were classified in more than one dimension). The Kucera and Francis (1967)(More)
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