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The profound and life-threatening anemia in patients with Cooley's anemia is ascribed primarily to intramedullary hemolysis (ineffective erythropoiesis), the cause of which is obscure. Based on prior morphologic data showing nuclear abnormalities, we hypothesized that accelerated apoptosis could occur in these erythroid precursors. The highly successful(More)
The life threatening anemia in beta-thalassemia major (Cooley's anemia) is characterized by profound intramedullary lysis, the cause of which is incompletely understood. Using marrow obtained from beta thalassemia major patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in Pesaro Italy, it became possible to directly study the mechanism of the(More)
In this study we attempt to establish the consequence of in vitro hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced membrane damage as manifested by spectrin-hemoglobin (Sp-Hb) complex formation and decreased red blood cell (RBC) deformability to in vivo RBC survival in baboons. After exposure to 135 to 581 mumols/L H2O2 and reduction with dithiothreitol (DTE), baboon RBCs(More)
Hemoglobin Constant Spring (HbCS) is the most common nondeletional alpha-thalassemic mutation and is an important cause of HbH-like disease in Southeast Asia. HbCS variants have an almost normal mean cell volume (MCV) and the anemia is more severe when compared with other alpha-thalassemic variants. We explored the pathobiology of HbCS red blood cells(More)
Direct macrophage recognition of an externalized phosphatidylserine signal on senescent erythrocytes is a process of erythrophagocytic clearance that is in line with the general clearance process of all other circulating cells that become apoptotic. Advances in deciphering this process suggest that oxidation of the erythrocyte's hemoglobin, the salient(More)
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a common hemolytic anemia of variable clinical expression. Pathogenesis of HS has been associated with defects of several red cell membrane proteins including erythroid band 3. We have studied erythrocyte membrane proteins in 166 families with autosomal dominant HS. We have detected relative deficiency of band 3 in 38(More)
To further define the conditions for forming spectrin-hemoglobin cross-linking in human erythrocyte membranes and to examine its possible effects on membrane function, we incubated normal human erythrocytes for up to 3 h in concentrations of H2O2, varying from 45 to 180 microM, in an azide phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. The chemical changes observed indicated(More)
Changes in the surface area and volume of reticulocytes were measured in vivo during late stage maturation. Baboons were treated with erythropoietin to produce mild reticulocytosis. Reticulocyte-rich cohorts of cells were obtained from whole blood by density gradient centrifugation. The cohorts were labeled with biotin, reinfused into the animal, and(More)
Phospholipid asymmetry in the red blood cell (RBC) lipid bilayer is well maintained during the life of the cell, with phosphatidylserine (PS) virtually exclusively located in the inner monolayer. Loss of phospholipid asymmetry, and consequently exposure of PS, is thought to play an important role in red cell pathology. The anemia in the human thalassemias(More)