Linda M. Snyder

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To further define the conditions for forming spectrin-hemoglobin cross-linking in human erythrocyte membranes and to examine its possible effects on membrane function, we incubated normal human erythrocytes for up to 3 h in concentrations of H2O2, varying from 45 to 180 microM, in an azide phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. The chemical changes observed indicated(More)
Direct macrophage recognition of an externalized phosphatidylserine signal on senescent erythrocytes is a process of erythrophagocytic clearance that is in line with the general clearance process of all other circulating cells that become apoptotic. Advances in deciphering this process suggest that oxidation of the erythrocyte's hemoglobin, the salient(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), in response to their growth factor ligands, phosphorylate and activate downstream signals important for physiological development and pathological transformation. Increased expression, activating mutations and rearrangement fusions of RTKs lead to cancer, inflammation, pain, neurodegenerative diseases, and other disorders.(More)
A new variant of erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase with absent activity under standard conditions of assay is described in a 23-year-old Caucasian male from Costa Rica. Indistinguishable from G6PD A(-) by electrophoretic mobility, physical and biochemical characteristics, these two variants are differentiated conclusively by NADPH inhibition(More)
Osmotically resistant red cells associated with some haemolytic anaemias, including hereditary xerocytosis, sickle-cell disease and beta thalassaemia minor, are more sensitive than normal red cells to exogenous in vitro hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). This sensitivity is manifested by a rapid loss of intracellular potassium, shape change, protein aggregation, and(More)
The profound and life-threatening anemia in patients with Cooley's anemia is ascribed primarily to intramedullary hemolysis (ineffective erythropoiesis), the cause of which is obscure. Based on prior morphologic data showing nuclear abnormalities, we hypothesized that accelerated apoptosis could occur in these erythroid precursors. The highly successful(More)
A new method for monocyte isolation based on cell adherence to gelatin-coated plastic and dislodgement of the adhering monocytes at low temperature was compared with 5 other methods based on cell adherence to substrate and density gradient separation. All methods produced yields of monocytes ranging approximately between 50-70% with about the same degree of(More)
BACKGROUND Microalbuminuria is the earliest clinical finding for renal disease. Diabetic individuals often produce modified forms of albumin, perhaps due to impaired lysosomal processing, that are undetectable by common immunoassays but accurately measured by HPLC. METHODS We evaluated the performance of a commercially available, FDA-approved HPLC assay(More)
After peroxidation, alpha and beta subunits of normal human hemoglobin demonstrated a significant differential reactivity in their ability to form methemoglobin subunits and irreducible crosslinkages with spectrin. The alpha subunits formed crosslinks with spectrin in the absence of exogenous hydrogen peroxide, whereas both the beta subunit and the intact(More)