Linda M. Phillips

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Unilateral chorda tympani nerve sectioning was combined with institution of a sodium-restricted diet in adult rats to determine the role that environment has on the functional properties of regenerating taste receptor cells. Rats receiving chorda tympani sectioning but no dietary manipulation (cut controls) and rats receiving only the dietary manipulation(More)
Soon after adult rats receive unilateral chorda tympani nerve section in combination with dietary sodium restriction, neural taste responses recorded from the intact, contralateral chorda tympani nerve are substantially reduced. We hypothesized that the immune system is compromised in sodium-restricted rats, which leads to functional alterations in the(More)
This article reports the results of a systematic and comprehensive evaluation of the suitabil-ity of 13 commercially available, authorized software programs for teaching reading and writing in the primary grades. These programs were assessed on interface design, content, instructional design, whether manufacturers' educational claims were supported by the(More)
In this paper we make the case that the language of school science and the language of science are widely divergent. We trace the divergence to a simple view of reading that prevails not only in science education but in most of schooling. Based upon the importance of language in science and the role of language in capturing the essential nature of(More)
Three hundred and eight first and second year university students were asked to read five media reports that described recent scientific research and findings. We instructed the students to interpret and make judgments about the certainty, status, and role of statements identified in the reports, and to assess how much knowledge they had about the general(More)
This paper deals with a number of conceptual and theoretical issues that underlie the proposal to employ narrative explanations in science education: What is narra-tive? What is explanation? and What is narrative explanation? In answering these questions, we develop a framework of narrative elements and characteristics of narrative explanations. Two(More)
Parents are encouraged to read to their children, and they frequently engage in shared book reading on the belief that the experience will foster their children's literacy development. In this article, the authors draw on a body of published studies to argue that shared book reading often does not lead to the benefits expected of it. The studies show that(More)
This paper describes a comprehensive set of studies designed to assess the potential for commercial reading programs to teach reading in science. Specific questions focus on the proportion of selections in the programs that contain science and the amount of science that is in those selections, on the genres in which the science is portrayed, on the areas(More)
There is general agreement in the educational community that visualization is an effective teaching tool. Current applications of visualization are found in many teaching contexts, including mathematics, reading, science and technology. In this article, we review key studies in science education that show that visualiza-tions are effective to the extent(More)
Rats restricted of dietary NaCl prenatally and thereafter exhibit abnormally low electrophysiological chorda tympani taste responses to sodium stimuli as adults. Recovery of responses can be induced by ingestion of NaCl, even at adulthood. To examine whether milk from sodium-replete mothers enables functional recovery in sodium-restricted rats, we recorded(More)