Linda M Oster

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Bioassay-guided fractionation of a CH2Cl2/MeOH extract of the sponge Suberea clavata using the serine protease factor XIa to detect antithrombotic activity led to the isolation of the new marine natural products, clavatadines A and B. Clavatadines A and B inhibited factor XIa with IC50's of 1.3 and 27 microM, respectively. A crystal structure of(More)
Deacetoxycephalosporin-C synthase (DAOCS) is a mononuclear ferrous enzyme that transforms penicillins into cephalosporins by inserting a carbon atom into the penicillin nucleus. In the first half-reaction, dioxygen and 2-oxoglutarate produce a reactive iron-oxygen species, succinate and CO2. The oxidizing iron species subsequently reacts with penicillin to(More)
Cephamycin C-producing microorganisms use two enzymes to convert cephalosporins to their 7alpha-methoxy derivatives. Here we report the X-ray structure of one of these enzymes, CmcI, from Streptomyces clavuligerus. The polypeptide chain of the enzyme folds into a C-terminal Rossmann domain and a smaller N-terminal domain, and the molecule packs as a hexamer(More)
Inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylases has the potential for modulating long chain fatty acid biosynthesis and mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. Hybridization of weak inhibitors of ACC2 provided a novel, moderately potent but lipophilic series. Optimization led to compounds 33 and 37, which exhibit potent inhibition of human ACC2, 10-fold selectivity over(More)
The FAM3 superfamily is predicted to contain classical four-helix bundle cytokines, featuring a typical up-up-down-down fold. Two members of FAM3 have been extensively studied. FAM3B PANDER has been shown to regulate glucose homeostasis and β cell function, whereas the homologous FAM3C ILEI has been shown to be involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition(More)
Deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase (DAOCS) from Streptomyces clavuligerus catalyses the oxidative ring expansion of the penicillin nucleus into the nucleus of cephalosporins. The reaction requires dioxygen and 2-oxoglutarate as co-substrates to create a reactive iron-oxygen intermediate from a ferrous iron in the active site. The active enzyme is monomeric(More)
The heme ligation in the isolated c domain of Paracoccus pantotrophus cytochrome cd(1) nitrite reductase has been characterized in both oxidation states in solution by NMR spectroscopy. In the reduced form, the heme ligands are His69-Met106, and the tertiary structure around the c heme is similar to that found in reduced crystals of intact cytochrome cd1(More)
Cephamycins are broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotics that show resistance to certain forms of beta-lactamases. They differ from cephalosporins by the presence of a methoxyl group at the C-7alpha position. The gene products of cmcI and cmcJ are believed to control 7alpha-methoxylation of cephalosporins through successive steps of hydroxylation and(More)
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