Linda M. Castell

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Strenuous exercise may be associated with immune suppression. However, the underlying mechanism is not known. A decrease in the plasma level of glutamine, which is utilised at a high rate by cells of the immune system, and an increase in the plasma level of some cytokines may impair immune functions such as lymphocyte proliferation after prolonged,(More)
In situations of stress, such as clinical trauma, starvation or prolonged, strenuous exercise, the concentration of glutamine in the blood is decreased, often substantially. In endurance athletes this decrease occurs concomitantly with relatively transient immunodepression. Glutamine is used as a fuel by some cells of the immune system. Provision of(More)
Athletes undergoing intense, prolonged training or participating in endurance races suffer an increased risk of infection due to apparent immunosuppression. Glutamine is an important fuel for some cells of the immune system and may have specific immunostimulatory effects. The plasma glutamine concentration is lower after prolonged, exhaustive exercise: this(More)
There is an increased risk of infections in athletes undertaking prolonged, strenuous exercise. There is also some evidence that cells of the immune system are less able to mount a defence against infections after such exercise. The level of plasma glutamine, an important fuel for cells of the immune system, is decreased in athletes after endurance(More)
The provision of glutamine in vivo has been observed to reduce to normal levels the neutrophilia observed after exhaustive exercise and to decrease the neutrophil chemoattractant, interleukin-8. Thus, the role for glutamine in the regulation of inflammatory mediators of human neutrophil activation was investigated. The study sought to establish whether(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the independent effects of hypoxia and physical exercise on peripheral cholecystokinin (CCK) metabolism in humans. Thirty-two physically active men were randomly assigned in a double-blind manner to either a normoxic (N; n = 14) or hypoxic (H; n = 18) group. During the acute study, subjects in the H(More)
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body. It is an important fuel for some key cells of the immune system. Both the plasma concentration of glutamine and the functional ability of immune cells in the blood are decreased after prolonged, exhaustive exercise. Glutamine feeding has had beneficial effects in clinical situations, and the provision(More)
Maximal exercise in normoxia results in oxidative stress due to an increase in free radical production. However, the effect of a single bout of moderate aerobic exercise performed in either relative or absolute normobaric hypoxia on free radical production and lipid peroxidation remains unknown. To examine this, we randomly matched {according to their(More)
Prolonged exercise can elicit a reduction in the plasma glutamine concentration and an increase in the plasma concentration ratio of free tryptophan (FTrp) to branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of a 60-min bout of vigorous treadmill running with dietary manipulation on plasma concentrations of(More)
1. Fifty-two normotensive and essential hypertensive subjects were studied. Intracellular free calcium concentration [( Ca2+]i) was measured in lymphocytes (37 subjects) and platelets (18 subjects) by means of the fluorescent indicators, quin 2 and fura-2. In 31 subjects, plasma ionized calcium concentration was also measured. 2. There was a positive(More)