Linda M Carroll

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This paper presents a parameter for objectively evaluating singing voice quality. Power spectrum of vowel sound /a/ was analyzed by Fast Fourier Transform. The greatest harmonics peak between 2 and 4 kHz and the greatest harmonics peak between 0 and 2 kHz were identified. Power ratio of these peaks, termed singing power ratio (SPR), was calculated in 37(More)
A classical vocal exercise called "messa di voce" (Italian for "placing the voice") was used to study the symmetry of intensity increase and decrease in six trained singers. Ideally, the exercise is performed as a symmetric triangle, a linear increase in loudness, followed by a linear decrease. Given that some physiologic variables, like lung volume,(More)
Respiratory and glottal efficiency measures were collected from a pool of 40 classically trained singers with normal larynges. All singers had > or = 3 years of formal classical voice training and were active professional solo classical singers. Mean flow rates were obtained from all subjects to assess glottal efficiency. Additionally, maximum phonation(More)
This study was designed as a qualitative case study to demonstrate the process of diagnosis and treatment between a voice team to manage a singer diagnosed with muscular tension dysphonia (MTD). Traditionally, literature suggests that MTD is challenging to treat and little in the literature directly addresses singers with MTD. Data collected included(More)
OBJECTIVES Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) and reverse phonation are characterized by aberrant vocal fold adduction. To date, there have been no studies examining the aerodynamic events during reverse phonation. We present an unusual case of persistent reverse phonation secondary to respiratory distress associated with PVFM. STUDY DESIGN Case report.(More)
Patients with short stature have a high incidence of voice and laryngeal abnormalities. In sixteen patients with short stature of various etiologies, these abnormalities appeared to be unrelated to hearing loss or other otolaryngologic problems. However, in many patients they were associated with typical symptoms and signs of voice abuse. Physicians and(More)
Pediatric aspiration is a multifactorial process that is often complex to manage. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury can cause glottic insufficiency and aspiration. We describe three cases of unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in aspiration and the successful use of the RLN reinnervation for its treatment. The theory for utilizing the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to determine the impact of voice disability on children with elevated vocal fold lesions (nodules, cysts, polyps). The Pediatric Voice Handicap Index (pVHI) was used to assess the impact on functional, physical, and emotional aspects of voice and oral communication. The degree of talkativeness and overall severity of dysphonia(More)