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Voltage-gated sodium channels (NaCh) are colocalized with isoforms of the membrane-skeletal protein ankyrinG at axon initial segments, nodes of Ranvier, and postsynaptic folds of the mammalian neuromuscular junction. The role of ankyrinG in directing NaCh localization to axon initial segments was evaluated by region-specific knockout of ankyrinG in the(More)
Inhibition of voltage-dependent calcium channels by omega-conotoxin MVIIC (omega-CTx-MVIIC) was studied in various types of rat neurons. When studied with 5 mM Ba2+ as charge carrier, omega-CTx-MVIIC block of N-type calcium channels in sympathetic neurons was potent, with half-block at 18 nM. Block of N-type channels had a rapid onset (tau approximately 1(More)
Inhibition of Ca channel current by luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) was studied in freshly dissociated bullfrog sympathetic ganglion neurons using whole-cell recording. LHRH inhibited up to 80% of the high-threshold Ca channel current with a half-maximally effective concentration of about 20 nM. LHRH inhibited omega-conotoxin-sensitive but not(More)
Block of N-type Ca channels by omega-conotoxin GVIA (CgTx) was studied in freshly dissociated bullfrog and rat sympathetic neurons. With 2-5 mM Ba as charge carrier, CgTx blocked almost all of the high-threshold Ca channel current recorded in the presence of nimodipine (3 microM) to block L-type Ca channels. Toxin block reversed slowly (time constant(More)
Electrophysiological study of transiently transfected cells requires the identification of individual cells that express the protein of interest. We describe a simple, quick and inexpensive method for visually identifying cells that have been co-transfected with an expression plasmid for a lymphocyte surface antigen (CD8-alpha). Transfected cells are(More)
A number of peptide toxins from venoms of spiders and cone snails are high affinity ligands for voltage-gated calcium channels and are useful tools for studying calcium channel function and structure. Using whole-cell recordings from rat sympathetic ganglion and cerebellar Purkinje neurons, we studied toxins that target neuronal N-type (Ca(V)2.2) and P-type(More)
The regulation by protein kinase C (PKC) of recombinant voltage-gated potassium (K) channels in frog oocytes was studied. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 500 nM), an activator of PKC, caused persistent and large (up to 90%) inhibition of mouse, rat, and fly Shaker K currents. K current inhibition by PMA was blocked by inhibitors of PKC, and inhibition(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels (NaCh) are colocalized with isoforms of the membrane-skeletal protein ankyrin G at axon initial segments, nodes of Ranvier, and postsynaptic folds of the mammalian neu-romuscular junction. The role of ankyrin G in directing NaCh localization to axon initial segments was evaluated by region-specific knockout of ankyrin G in the(More)
The amyloid precursor protein (APP) undergoes sequential cleavages to generate various polypeptides, including the amyloid-beta protein (Abeta), which forms amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), secreted APPalpha (sAPPalpha) which enhances memory, and the APP intracellular domain (AICD), which has been implicated in the regulation of gene(More)
The selectivity of block of voltage-activated barium (Ba2+) currents by lanthanide ions was studied in a rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cell line (F11-B9), rat and frog peripheral neurons, and rat cardiac myocytes using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Gadolinium (Gd3+) produced a dose-dependent and complete inhibition of whole-cell Ba2+ current in all(More)