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Elevated microsatellite instability at selected tetranucleotide repeats (EMAST) is a genetic signature identified in 60% of sporadic colon cancers and may be linked with heterogeneous expression of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) protein hMSH3. Unlike microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) in which hypermethylation of hMLH1 occurs followed by multiple(More)
UNLABELLED Inhaled umeclidinium (UMEC) and the combination of inhaled UMEC with vilanterol (UMEC/VI) are approved maintenance treatments for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the US and EU. This was a randomized, open-label, three-period crossover, single- and repeat-dose study to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and tolerability of inhaled(More)
AIMS The macroH2A histone variants are epigenetic marks for inactivated chromatin. In this study, we examined the expression of macroH2A2 in anal neoplasm from anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) to anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS AIN and anal SCC samples were analysed for macroH2A2 expression, HIV and human papilloma virus (HPV). The(More)
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major risk factor for development of anal squamous cell carcinoma. Despite over 100 genotypes of the virus, HPV 16 and 18 are considered pathogenic as they are seen in the majority of cervical and anal cancers. We have employed a custom microarray to examine DNA for several HPV genotypes. We aimed to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE Squamous cell cancer of the anus is associated with multiple risk factors, including infection with human papillomavirus, immunosuppression, chronic inflammation, and tobacco smoking, although there is little data on these factors for the prediction of recurrent disease. Here, we evaluated the risk of recurrence and mortality of anal carcinoma in(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared the efficacy and safety of fluticasone propionate (FP) inhalation n solution with budesonide (BUD) suspension for inhalation administered via nebulizer, in Chinese adult patients with severe, persistent asthma. METHODS This was a multicenter, randomized, active-controlled, single-blind, parallel-group study, conducted at 26(More)
We studied the effects of LPS on cysteinyl leukotriene (LT) synthesis and LTC(4) synthase expression in mononuclear phagocytes. Conditioning of the monocyte-like cell line, THP-1, with LPS for 7 days resulted in significantly decreased ionophore-stimulated LTC(4) release. The putative LPS receptor, Toll-like receptor 4, was expressed in THP-1 cells. LPS(More)
BACKGROUND Anal carcinoma is thought to be driven by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection through interrupting function of cell regulatory proteins such as p53 and pRb. John Cunningham virus (JCV) expresses a T-antigen that causes malignant transformation through development of aneuploidy and interaction with some of the same regulatory proteins as HPV. JCV(More)
Risk of gastric spillage during transgastric surgery is a potential complication of NOTES procedures. The aim of this study was to determine risk outcomes from gastric spillage in a rat survival model by measuring local and systemic inflammatory markers, adhesive disease, and morbidity. We performed a minilaparotomy with needle aspiration of 2 ml of gastric(More)
We studied the effect of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha exposure on cysteinyl leukotriene (LT) synthesis by cells of monocyte/macrophage lineage. TNF-alpha conditioning of monocytic THP-1 cells and primary human monocytes resulted in a decreased capacity for LTC(4) release. TNF-alpha exposure (for 16-24 h) decreased LTC(4) synthase mRNA in THP-1 cells,(More)