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Diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains a major complication in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Systemic administration of antitransforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) antibody has shown some promise in mouse models of DN. However, chronic blockade of the multifunctional TGB-beta could be problematic. Several downstream effects of TGF-beta are mediated by(More)
Dose response and time course of the effects of TGF-on RNA levels of various genes. Dose response. MMC were treated with 0, 2, 5 or 10 ng/ml of TGF- for 24 hours. Expression levels of miR-192 (a), RP23 (b), miR-216a (c), miR-217 (d), Zeb1 (e), Zeb2 (f), Col1a2 (g) and Pten (h) were examined by RT-qPCR (mean and s.e.m., n=3). Time course. MMC were treated(More)
Elevated p53 expression is associated with several kidney diseases including diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the mechanisms are unclear. We report that expression levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β), p53, and microRNA-192 (miR-192) are increased in the renal cortex of diabetic mice, and this is associated with enhanced glomerular expansion(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes remains a major risk factor for vascular complications that seem to persist even after achieving glycemic control, possibly due to "metabolic memory." Using cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (MVSMC) from type 2 diabetic db/db mice, we recently showed that decreased promoter occupancy of the chromatin histone H3 lysine-9(More)
Epigenetic mechanisms such as chromatin histone H3 lysine methylation and acetylation have been implicated in diabetic vascular complications. However, histone modification profiles at pathologic genes associated with diabetic nephropathy in vivo and their regulation by the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) are not clear. Here we tested whether(More)
The mechanisms by which macrophages mediate the enhanced inflammation associated with diabetes complications are not completely understood. We used RNA sequencing to profile the transcriptome of bone marrow macrophages isolated from diabetic db/db mice and identified 1,648 differentially expressed genes compared with control db/+ mice. Data analyses(More)
BACKGROUND 12-Lipoxygenase (12-LO) products of arachidonate metabolism have growth and chemotactic effects in vascular smooth muscle cells. We have also recently demonstrated increased 12-LO mRNA and protein expression in the neointima of balloon-injured rat carotid arteries. In this study, we evaluated whether 12-LO activation plays a role in neointimal(More)
Biochemical and genetic evidence support the involvement of leukocyte-type 12/15-lipoxygenase enzyme and its products in the atherogenic process. We recently showed that products of the 12/15-lipoxygenase pathway play an important role in mediating hypertrophy, matrix protein production, and inflammatory gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of aldosterone synthesis in the adrenal glomerulosa is not known. In this study, we observed that liberators of NO such as S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP), sodium nitroprusside (Snp) and spermine nonoate (SNO) could significantly inhibit angiotensin II (AII) and ACTH-induced aldosterone synthesis in(More)
Evidence indicates that the lipoxygenase (LO) pathway of arachidonic acid is a key mediator of angiotensin II (AII)-induced aldosterone synthesis in adrenal glomerulosa cells. Although protein kinase C (PKC) may play a role in AII action, the precise PKC isoforms involved and whether LO products can activate PKC is not clear. We therefore evaluated the(More)