Linda L. Lanting

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Key features of diabetic nephropathy (DN) include the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins such as collagen 1-alpha 1 and -2 (Col1a1 and -2). Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta), a key regulator of these extracellular matrix genes, is increased in mesangial cells (MC) in DN. By microarray profiling, we noted that TGF-beta increased Col1a2(More)
Akt kinase is activated by transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta) in diabetic kidneys, and has important roles in fibrosis, hypertrophy and cell survival in glomerular mesangial cells. However, the mechanisms of Akt activation by TGF-beta are not fully understood. Here we show that TGF-beta activates Akt in glomerular mesangial cells by inducing the(More)
Enhanced transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) expression in renal cells promotes fibrosis and hypertrophy during the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The TGF-β1 promoter is positively controlled by the E-box regulators, upstream stimulatory factors (USFs), in response to diabetic (high glucose) conditions; however, it is not clear whether TGF-β1 is(More)
TGF-β1 upregulates microRNA-192 (miR-192) in cultured glomerular mesangial cells and in glomeruli from diabetic mice. miR-192 not only increases collagen expression by targeting the E-box repressors Zeb1/2 but also modulates other renal miRNAs, suggesting that it may be a therapeutic target for diabetic nephropathy. We evaluated the efficacy of a locked(More)
Diabetic patients continue to develop inflammation and vascular complications even after achieving glycemic control. This poorly understood "metabolic memory" phenomenon poses major challenges in treating diabetes. Recent studies demonstrate a link between epigenetic changes such as chromatin histone lysine methylation and gene expression. We hypothesized(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains a major complication in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Systemic administration of antitransforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) antibody has shown some promise in mouse models of DN. However, chronic blockade of the multifunctional TGB-beta could be problematic. Several downstream effects of TGF-beta are mediated by(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands have been implicated in the activation of oxidant stress and inflammatory pathways in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) leading to the initiation and augmentation of atherosclerosis. Here we report that non-receptor Src tyrosine kinase and the membrane protein caveolin-1 (Cav-1) play(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes remains a major risk factor for vascular complications that seem to persist even after achieving glycemic control, possibly due to "metabolic memory." Using cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (MVSMC) from type 2 diabetic db/db mice, we recently showed that decreased promoter occupancy of the chromatin histone H3 lysine-9(More)
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and p21 in renal mesangial cells (MCs) plays a major role in glomerulosclerosis and hypertrophy, key events in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. However, the involvement of histone acetyl transferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) that(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme and its inflammatory products such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases. However their role in diabetic vascular disease is unclear. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) act via their receptor, RAGE, to play a major role in diabetic complications. In this(More)