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OBJECTIVES To develop and evaluate an intervention (ImPACT) seeking to increase monitoring (supervision and communication) by parents and guardians of African-American youth regarding high risk and protective behaviors; and to develop an instrument to assess parental monitoring, the Parent-Adolescent Risk Behavior Concordance Scale. DESIGN/INTERVENTION(More)
OBJECTIVES Adolescents are increasingly at risk for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases, especially in poor urban minority communities. To aid the design of interventions in these communities, this study investigated the role of knowledge, attitudes, perceived parental monitoring, and peer behavior in(More)
In this study, we examine migrant stigma and its effect on social capital reconstruction among rural migrants who possess legal rural residence but live and work in urban China. After a review of the concepts of stigma and social capital, we report data collected through in-depth interviews with 40 rural migrant workers and 38 urban residents recruited from(More)
BACKGROUND Some interventions to reduce the risk of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that target youths have resulted in short-term increases in self-reported condom use. However, long-term intervention effects have not been assessed. STUDY QUESTION Can a theoretically and culturally based, AIDS-risk reduction intervention delivered to(More)
As of April 2003, 64,801 HIV cases have been documented in Vietnam (Policy Project 2003), 53.9 % of which are among individuals 20-29 years of age. Although HIV education efforts have increased, there remains a need for proven effective programs. We present findings from a randomized-controlled effectiveness trial of an HIV prevention program for(More)
With disproportionately higher rates of HIV/AIDS among youth and increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Thailand, there is a growing urgency in understanding the challenges to medication adherence confronting this population and in developing theory-based interventions to address these challenges. One potentially relevant model, the(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous interventions have been demonstrated to reduce targeted adolescent risk behaviors for brief periods, sustained behavior changes covering multiple risk behaviors have been elusive. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a parental monitoring intervention (Informed Parents and Children Together [ImPACT]) with and without boosters can(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the addition of a parental monitoring intervention (Informed Parents and Children Together [ImPACT]) alone or with "boosters" could enhance (either broaden or sustain or both) the effect of a small group, face-to-face adolescent risk reduction intervention Focus on Kids (FOK). METHODS A longitudinal, randomized,(More)
Perceptions regarding sex and condom use among Chinese college students were examined within a framework provided by protection motivation theory. Data from semistructured individual interviews indicate that Chinese students generally perceive a low level of vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) infection and a minimum exposure from(More)
PURPOSE To examine the pattern of adolescent's involvement in drug-related behaviors and sexual initiation, and its relationship with: (a) age and gender, (b) sensation- seeking, (c) perceptions of peer and family risk involvement, and (d) involvement in high-risk sexual behavior. SUBJECTS Two hundred and sixty-one urban African-American youth, aged 9 to(More)